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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 5o 25.00' West  36o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 90,500 ha
Altitude 180 - 1,654m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

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Site description A mountain massif with many high limestone cliffs. The vegetation comprises scrub, grassland and Quercus and Abies forests. The main human activities are livestock-farming, hunting and tourism.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1996  320 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1996  12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  13 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
LOS ALCORNOCALES - ES0000049 Birds Directive 167,767 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Reserva de Grazalema UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 51,695 protected area contained by site 51,695  
RIO GUADALETE - ES6120021 Habitats Directive 71 protected area overlaps with site 5  
RIO GUADALEVIN - ES6170034 Habitats Directive 15 protected area overlaps with site 5  
RIO GUADIARO - ES6170031 Habitats Directive 10 protected area contained by site 10  
Sierra de Grazalema Nature Park 51,695 protected area contained by site 51,695  
SIERRA DE GRAZALEMA - ES0000031 Birds Directive 53,410 protected area contained by site 53,410  
SIERRA LIJAR - ES6120013 Habitats Directive 7,243 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
SIERRAS BERMEJA Y REAL - ES6170010 Habitats Directive 30,932 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
VALLE DEL RIO DEL GENAL - ES6170016 Habitats Directive 23,408 protected area overlaps with site 8,978  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  35%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  10%
Grassland   10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  5%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 90%
forestry -
hunting 60%

Protection status National Partial International Partial51,695 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Grazalema, 51,695 ha). 51,695 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Sierra de Grazalema, 51,695 ha). 47,210 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de Grazalema, 47,210 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife