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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 5o 25.00' West  36o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 90,500 ha
Altitude 180 - 1,654m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountain massif with many high limestone cliffs. The vegetation comprises scrub, grassland and Quercus and Abies forests. The main human activities are livestock-farming, hunting and tourism.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for cliff-nesting raptors, particularly Gyps fulvus and Hieraaetus fasciatus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila adalberti (non-breeding) and Falco naumanni (7 breeding pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1996  320 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1996  12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  13 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Reserva de Grazalema UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 51,695 protected area contained by site 51,695  
Sierra de Grazalema Nature Park 51,695 protected area contained by site 51,695  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  35%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  10%
Grassland   10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  5%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 90%
forestry -
hunting 60%

Protection status National Partial International Partial51,695 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Grazalema, 51,695 ha). 51,695 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Sierra de Grazalema, 51,695 ha). 47,210 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de Grazalema, 47,210 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife