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Location Azerbaijan, Absheron
Central coordinates 49o 32.00' East  40o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 250 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description A low sandy island near the Absheron peninsula. There are shallows with patches of reeds. The island and the adjacent mainland shore are rented by the Hunters' Society of Azerbaijan.

Key Biodiversity Breeding birds include herons, gulls and terns. A staging site of great significance for passage waterbirds, with Phalacrocorax carbo, herons, wildfowl (Cygnus cygnus and ducks, some also wintering), Fulica atra (10,000+) and, especially, a wide range of shorebirds, some 20,000-30,000 annually. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Pelecanus crispus (rare passage visitor), Numenius tenuirostris (Yashma Island is the only site in the country where this species occurs at present; 1 shot in 1988 and, according to hunters, an annual passage-visitor, but extremely rare, with flocks of 2-4 birds).

Non-bird biodiversity: Site has big importance for such species of fish as Huso huso, Acipenser guldenstadti, A. stellatus, Salmo caspius, Aspius aspius, Cyprinus carpio etc.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1996-2004  1,000-24,753 individuals  poor  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus passage  1996-2004  22 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1996-2004  20-57 individuals  poor  A1  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1996-2004  400-1,000 individuals  poor  B1i  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris passage  1988  1 individuals  A1, B1i  Critically Endangered 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis breeding  1996-2004  1,235 breeding pairs  poor  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1996-2004  1,100 breeding pairs  poor  B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  1996-2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  20%
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 90%
urban/industrial/transport -
fisheries/aquaculture 90%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Yashma Island. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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