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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 4o 33.00' West  37o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 116,000 ha
Altitude 180 - 572m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description An area of cereal crops and olive-groves in the Gaudajoz river valley. The site includes lakes and also some urban areas.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for steppic species and riverine forest species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1994  41 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1996  240-260 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1996  50-100 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1996  30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1996  500 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1996  220 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2  Least Concern 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  1996  500 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  90%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 98%
hunting 90%
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Córdoba countryside. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife