email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 6o 20.00' West  36o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 12,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 20m
Year of IBA assessment 2011

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A shallow bay with a wide intertidal zone and a large saltpan complex. There are rivers, small lagoons, artificial channels and halophytic scrub. The main human activities are aquaculture, shellfish collection, research and salt production.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  2010  max 176 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  2009  max 8 breeding pairs  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Endangered 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus non-breeding  2010  2,566-6,024 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta winter  2010  395-863 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  2010  1,323-2,775 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata breeding  2009  max 4 breeding pairs  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata winter  2010  max 1 individuals  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2009  262-387 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Himantopus himantopus winter  2010  861-1,803 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  2010  2,114-3,464 individuals  A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  2009  545-1,436 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  2009  296-474 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2, C3  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus winter  2010  1,162-2,429 individuals  A4i, B1i, B2, C3  Not Recognised 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus winter  2010  1,951-3,146 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa winter  2010  841-3,924 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C3  Near Threatened 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica winter  2010  1,300-2,559 individuals  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata winter  2010  602-1,105 individuals  A1, B2, C1  Near Threatened 
Dunlin Calidris alpina winter  2010  18,019-31,087 individuals  B2  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  2009  max 25 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus winter  2010  5,492-15,671 individuals  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  2009  325-1,032 breeding pairs  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons winter  2010  max 4 individuals  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bahía de Cádiz Nature Park 9,662 protected area contained by site 10,000  
BAHIA DE CADIZ - ES0000140 Birds Directive 10,522 protected area contained by site 10,522  
Complejo endorreico de Chiclana Natural Reserve 49 protected area contained by site 49  
COMPLEJO ENDORREICO DE CHICLANA - ES0000028 Birds Directive 793 protected area overlaps with site 451  
FONDOS MARINOS DE BAHIA DE CADIZ - ES6120009 Habitats Directive 7,035 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Isla de Trocadero Natural Landscape 525 protected area contained by site 525  
Marismas de Sancti - Petri Nature Area 170 protected area contained by site 170  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Water fringe vegetation  -
Coastline Lagoons; Mud flats & sand flats; Salt marshes; Tidal rivers & enclosed tidal waters  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 80%
urban/industrial/transport -
nature conservation and research 100%

Protection status National Partial International Low10,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Bahia de Cadiz, 10,000 ha). 49 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Complejo endorreico de Chiclana, 49 ha). 525 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Isla de Trocadero, 525 ha). 170 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Marismas de Sancti Petri, 170 ha). 49 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Lagunas de Chiclana: Laguna de Montellano y de Jel, 49 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cádiz bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife