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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 5o 51.00' West  36o 52.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 7,600 ha
Altitude 75 - 410m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A complex of with dense emergent vegetation. The surrounding area is dominated by arable agriculture and dehesas.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding and wintering ducks and for dispersing juvenile Aquila adalberti, Aquila chrysaetos and Hieraaetus fasciatus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (wintering).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris non-breeding  1996  75 individuals  medium  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala non-breeding  1997  48 individuals  good  A1, B1i, C1, C2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala resident  1996  10 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti non-breeding  1994  5-10 individuals  good  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio resident  1992  10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata breeding  1991  9 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Complejo endorreico de Espera Natural Reserve 59 protected area contained by site 59  
Complejo endorreico de Lebrija-Las Cabezas Natural Reserve 23 protected area contained by site 23  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%

Protection status National Low International Low59 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Complejo endorreico de Espera, 59 ha). 23 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Complejo endorreico de Lebrija-Las Cabezas, 23 ha). 438 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Lagunas de Espera, 438 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lebrija, Las Cabezas and Espera lagoons. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife