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Location Estonia, Hiiu County,Lääne County,Pärnu County,Saare County
Central coordinates 23o 15.00' East  58o 46.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C4, C6
Area 279,557 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2003

Eesti Ornitiliigiaühing (EOÜ)



Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus non-breeding  1995-2000  11-50 individuals  unknown  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Northern Pintail Anas acuta non-breeding  1995-2000  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser breeding  1990-2003  530-770 breeding pairs  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greylag Goose Anser anser non-breeding  1995-2000  12,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis breeding  1995-2000  15 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis non-breeding  1995-2000  60,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Mute Swan Cygnus olor non-breeding  1995-2000  2,500 individuals  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus non-breeding  1995-2000  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus non-breeding  1995-2000  15,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera breeding  1990-2003  115-180 breeding pairs  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera non-breeding  1995-2000  2,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope non-breeding  1995-2000  50,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata non-breeding  1995-2000  2,000 individuals  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Teal Anas crecca non-breeding  1995-2000  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina non-breeding  1995-2000  40,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula non-breeding  1995-2000  25,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greater Scaup Aythya marila non-breeding  1995-2000  50,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Melanitta fusca non-breeding  1995-2000  10,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Not Recognised 
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula non-breeding  1995-2000  70,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus non-breeding  1995-2000  1,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser non-breeding  1995-2000  2,000 individuals  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1995-2000  40 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1995-2000  50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo breeding  1995-2000  4,000 breeding pairs  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1995-2000  16 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1995-2000  50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Circus cyaneus breeding  1995-2000  15 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1995-2000  300 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Little Crake Zapornia parva breeding  1995-2000  20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana breeding  1995-2000  200 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra non-breeding  1995-2000  50,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus non-breeding  1995-2000  13,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1995-2000  25-50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus breeding  1995-2000  500-1,000 breeding pairs  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media breeding  1995-2000  100 individuals  unknown  A1, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Dunlin Calidris alpina breeding  1995-2000  300 breeding pairs  unknown  B1i, C3, C6  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia breeding  1995-2000  200 breeding pairs  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis breeding  1995-1999  200-500 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo breeding  1995-2000  200 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  1995-2000  600 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1995-2000  50-100 breeding pairs  unknown  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger breeding  1995-2000  50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo breeding  1995-2000  10 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  1995-2000  50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus breeding  1990-2003  2-7 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Picus canus breeding  1995-2000  20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Dendrocopos leucotos breeding  1995-2000  100 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria breeding  1990-2003  380 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana breeding  1995-2000  11-50 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds non-breeding  1995  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Landscape Protection Area 10 protected area contained by site 10  
Aljava p Species Protection Site 34 protected area contained by site 34  
Einbi - EE0040215 Habitats Directive 9 protected area contained by site 9  
Einbi p Species Protection Site 97 protected area overlaps with site 66  
Haeska hoiuala Limited Management Zone 154 protected area contained by site 154  
Hiiumaa Islets and Käina Bay Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 17,700 protected area contained by site 6,183  
Hiiumaa laidude maastikukaitseala Landscape Protection Area 2,663 protected area contained by site 2,663  
Hobulaiu p Species Protection Site 9 protected area contained by site 9  
K Landscape Protection Area 5,652 protected area overlaps with site 5,580  
K Landscape Protection Area 515 protected area overlaps with site 83  
K Limited Management Zone 327 protected area contained by site 327  
Kadakalaiu p Species Protection Site 2,344 protected area contained by site 2,344  
Kahtla-Kübassaare - EE0040412 Birds Directive 14,018 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Kangruaadu hoiuala Limited Management Zone 27 protected area overlaps with site 24  
Karjatsimere hoiuala Limited Management Zone 87 protected area contained by site 87  
Kesselaiu maastikukaitseala Landscape Protection Area 178 protected area contained by site 178  
M Limited Management Zone 6 protected area contained by site 6  
Matsalu Nature Reserve Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 48,610 protected area contained by site 48,607  
Matsalu rahvuspark National Park 48,607 protected area contained by site 48,607  
N Species Protection Site 24 protected area contained by site 24  
Nehatu looduskaitseala Nature Reserve 1,011 protected area contained by site 1,011  
Nõva-Osmussaare - EE0040201 Birds Directive 24,612 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Oademetsa hoiuala Limited Management Zone 10 protected area overlaps with site 9  
Pammana - EE0040452 Habitats Directive 1,124 protected area contained by site 1,124  
Pammana hoiuala Limited Management Zone 1,124 protected area overlaps with site 1,090  
Porsiku hoiuala Limited Management Zone 76 protected area overlaps with site 69  
Pühalepa - EE0040127 Habitats Directive 44 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Puhto-Laelatu-Nehatu Wetland Complex Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 4,640 protected area contained by site 4,640  
Puhtu-Laelatu looduskaitseala Nature Reserve 2,759 protected area contained by site 2,759  
Pujuderahu p Species Protection Site 2,386 protected area contained by site 2,386  
Rame hoiuala Limited Management Zone 159 protected area contained by site 159  
Rame p Species Protection Site 18 protected area contained by site 18  
Ranna-Põitse - EE0040458 Habitats Directive 232 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Rannaniidi - EE0040457 Habitats Directive 396 protected area overlaps with site 278  
Rannaniidi pankade maastikukaitseala Landscape Protection Area 97 protected area overlaps with site 85  
S Nature Reserve 393 protected area overlaps with site 275  
Saare hoiuala Limited Management Zone 80 protected area overlaps with site 32  
Salaj Limited Management Zone 55 protected area overlaps with site 43  
Sarve maastikukaitseala Landscape Protection Area 679 protected area contained by site 679  
Saunja hoiuala Limited Management Zone 3 protected area contained by site 3  
Selgrahu p Species Protection Site 1,566 protected area overlaps with site 818  
Silma looduskaitseala Nature Reserve 4,795 protected area contained by site 4,795  
Tahu hoiuala Limited Management Zone 9 protected area overlaps with site 8  
V Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 271,865 protected area overlaps with site 267,900  
V Limited Management Zone 525 protected area overlaps with site 524  
V Limited Management Zone 67,167 protected area overlaps with site 66,590  
V Limited Management Zone 16,643 protected area overlaps with site 16,600  
V Limited Management Zone 60,596 protected area overlaps with site 59,300  
V Limited Management Zone 3,670 protected area overlaps with site 3,558  
V Limited Management Zone 42,396 protected area overlaps with site 42,220  
V Species Protection Site 76 protected area contained by site 76  
Vahtrepa maastikukaitseala Landscape Protection Area 1,388 protected area contained by site 1,388  
Väikese väina - EE0040486 Habitats Directive 17,639 protected area contained by site 17,639  
Väinamere - EE0040001 Birds Directive 271,297 protected area contained by site 271,297  
Väinamere - EE0040002 Habitats Directive 252,138 protected area contained by site 252,138  
Varbla laidude maastikukaitseala Landscape Protection Area 988 protected area contained by site 988  
Vormsi maastikukaitseala Landscape Protection Area 1,975 protected area contained by site 1,975  
West Estonian Archipelago UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,560,000 protected area overlaps with site 194,300  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   79%
Grassland   5%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  6%
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  4%
Shrubland   3%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 75%
nature conservation and research 97%
tourism/recreation -
hunting -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Väinameri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife