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Location Estonia, Harju County,Lääne-Viru County
Central coordinates 25o 52.00' East  59o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 72,504 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2003

Eesti Ornitiliigiaühing (EOÜ)



Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia breeding  1992-1993  450-500 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix breeding  1976-1993  100-200 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Northern Pintail Anas acuta passage  1999  723 individuals  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1995-2000  200-500 individuals  unknown  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus passage  1995-2000  500-1,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser passage  2001  2,000 individuals  unknown  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2000  2 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  1992-1993  15-20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Circus cyaneus breeding  1992-2002  2 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  1992-1993  5-8 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  1992-1993  45-50 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1985-2002  2,000-3,000 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Dunlin Calidris alpina breeding  2001-2002  10-20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Ruff Calidris pugnax breeding  2002  5-8 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea breeding  2002  140 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis breeding  1992-1993  20-30 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo breeding  1992-1993  7-8 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  1992  5-10 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  1992-1993  5-10 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  1992-1993  10-20 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius breeding  1992-1993  50-75 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Picoides tridactylus breeding  2002  15-25 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Not Recognised 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  1992-1993  200 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  1992-1993  10 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva breeding  1992-1993  950 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana breeding  1992-1993  130 breeding pairs  unknown  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lahemaa Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 74,578 protected area contains site 72,504  
Lahemaa - EE0010173 Birds Directive 74,421 protected area contains site 72,504  
Lahemaa - EE0010173 Habitats Directive 74,421 protected area contains site 72,504  
Lahemaa rahvuspark National Park 72,504 is identical to site 72,504  
Loobu jõe - EE0060279 Habitats Directive 13 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   34%
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  45%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  9%
Shrubland   6%
Grassland   3%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
forestry 30%
fisheries/aquaculture 30%
nature conservation and research 100%
urban/industrial/transport 1%
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lahemaa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife