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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 4o 45.00' West  37o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 3,054 ha
Altitude 190 - 430m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A complex of brackish lagoons and two small reservoirs, generally with wide belts of emergent vegetation. They are surrounded by olive-groves and cereal cultivation.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding and wintering waterbirds, particularly Oxyura leucocephala.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1997  40-100 individuals  good  A1, B1i, C1, C2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  1996  7-45 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio resident  1992  10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Embalse de Cordobilla Nature Area 1,460 protected area contained by site 1,460  
EMBALSE DE CORDOBILLA - ES0000273 Birds Directive 1,457 protected area overlaps with site 885  
Embalse de Malpasillo Natural Landscape 512 protected area contained by site 512  
EMBALSE DEMALPASILLO - ES0000274 Birds Directive 522 protected area overlaps with site 242  
Embalses de Cordobilla y Malpasillo Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,972 protected area contained by site 1,972  
Laguna Amarga Natural Reserve 13 protected area contained by site 13  
Laguna de los Jarales Nature Reserve 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Laguna de Tiscar Nature Reserve 21 protected area contained by site 21  
Laguna de Zóñar Nature Reserve 66 protected area contained by site 66  
Laguna del Rincon Nature Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 7  
LAGUNAS DEL SUR DE CORDOBA - ES0000034 Birds Directive 1,471 protected area overlaps with site 605  
Lagunas del sur de Córdoba (Zóñar, Rincón y Amarga) Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 86 protected area contained by site 86  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Water fringe vegetation  80%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
nature conservation and research 26%

Protection status National Partial International Partial1,460 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Embalse de Cordobilla, 1,460 ha). 512 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Embalse de Malpasillo, 512 ha). 13 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Laguna Amarga, 13 ha). 21 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Laguna de Tiscar, 21 ha). 66 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Laguna de Zóñar, 66 ha). 5 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Laguna de los Jarales, 5 ha). 7 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Laguna del Rincón, 7 ha). 86 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Lagunas del sur de Córdoba (Zóñar, Rincón y Amarga, 86 ha). 1,972 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Embalses de Cordobillo y Melpasillo, 1.972 ha). 1,018 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Lagunas del Sur de Córdoba, 1,107 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wetlands at south Córdoba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife