|Central coordinates||29o 54.00' East 51o 38.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description The site is located within the 30-km exclusion zone, established after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant explosion in 1986, which closed all access and economic activities. About one third of the area is Pripyat floodplain, characterized by prolonged spring floods. Before the Chernobyl disaster, most of the forest-free areas were drained wetlands used for agriculture. After the explosion, all the drainage canals were closed to prevent fires. This resulted in the re-naturalization of large wetland areas. Abandoned villages, industrial and cattle-breeding enterprises retain thickets of so-called escape plants and contribute to the wide proliferation of synanthropic weeds. Indigenous wild plants, however, are also proliferating fast. This, combined with half-destroyed buildings, creates a very specific habitat and encourages the development of a unique wildlife assemblage.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Stork Ciconia nigra||breeding||2000||30-50 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||breeding||2000||3-5 breeding pairs||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus||breeding||2000||10-15 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus||breeding||2000||40-60 breeding pairs||good||B3||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla||breeding||2000||8-10 breeding pairs||good||A1||Least Concern|
|Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina||breeding||2004||30 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Polesski Radio-ecological||Zapovednik||211,500||protected area contains site||52,350|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater||40%|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland||30%|
|Grassland||Humid grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland||20%|
|Artificial - terrestrial||6%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
|Notes: The site is located within the 30-km exclusion zone, established after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant explosion in 1986, which closed all access and economic activities.|
Other biodiversity The absence of people defines high densities of ungulates (Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus, and Elk Alces alces) and Wolves. Numbers of some smaller terrestrial predators (Fox Vulpes vulpes, Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides, and Stone Marten Martes foina) on the territory of the Zapovednik have also grown. Some National Red Data Book species can also be encountered here, including Badger Meles meles, Lynx Felis linx, and Common Dormouse Muscardinus avellaris. In 1995 European Bison Bison bonasus was introduced here. At present these animals live here freely.
Protection status National Conservation Status: Polesie Radio-Ecological Zapovednik. International Conservation Status: Potential IBA.Potential Ramsar site.
References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Polesie Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2013
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