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Location Nepal, Gandaki,Lumbini
Central coordinates 83o 54.00' East  27o 51.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 3,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)

Site description Rampur Valley (=Rampurphant) lies in Palpa district of west-central Nepal. The Kali Gandaki River borders Rampur valley on the northern side. Agricultural land covers about 41.85% of Palpa district area while forest land covers 39.6%. The district is thinly populated. Most of the communities consist of farmers who practice terraced agriculture on the lower slopes; the higher slopes remain vegetated in some form. The IBA has been identified because of its important White-rumped Vulture nesting colony. Vulture nests are spread along the Kali Gandaki River in a 15 km stretch in patches of riverine forests. The most important of the nesting sites is located at Khaireni forest where over 30 nests have been located. The riverine forests growing along the Kali Gandaki River have Silk-Cotton Tree Bombax ceiba, Trewia nudiflora, Acacia catechu and various other tree species. The Silk-Cotton is the main nesting tree in the area.

Key Biodiversity In 2003 the post-breeding population was 123 birds; a total of 70 active nests was found. These included 31 nests at Khaireni forest in an area of 0.25 km²; this is the highest concentration of White-rumped Vulture nests in the country. Half of the nests in Rampur valley were successful in 2003, a better breeding success than elsewhere in Nepal (Gautam et al. 2003a, b, Baral and Pain 2003, Gautam and Baral 2004). In 2004 the number of active nests had fallen a little to 64, although the observer did not consider that the vulture population had declined (Ramji Gautam in litt. May 2004).

Non-bird biodiversity: Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Indian Hare Lepus nigricollis, Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis have been seen here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis breeding  2003-2004  64-70 nests  good  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus unknown  2004  frequent  A1  Critically Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2011 very high very unfavourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Gyps bengalensis White-rumped Vulture 71 21 nests 30 very unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gokyo and associated lakes Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 7,770 protected area contains site 3,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

References Baral and Gautam (2002), Gautam et al. (2003a, b), Baral and Pain (2003), Gautam and Baral (2004), Baral et al. in prep.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rampur valley. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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