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Location Nepal, Lumbini
Central coordinates 83o 0.00' East  27o 33.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bird Conservation Nepal (Partner Designate)

Site description The Nawalparasai forests lie between Bardghat to Sunwal at the base of the Siwalik Hills of the Nawalparasai district in south-central Nepal. This area is largely used for agriculture and almost all of the southern part is intensively farmed. Natural and semi-natural forests remain towards the north, along the northern section of the East West highway. These forests are managed by local communities, as community forest. The forest is mainly Sal Shorea robusta with Saj Terminalia tomentosa as the co-dominant species. In degraded areas, there are Sissoo Dalbergia sissoo plantations. Agriculture forms a significant part of the landscape. Nawalparasai has been identified as an IBA because of its important colony of White-rumped Vultures.

Key Biodiversity A total of 71 nests of White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis was counted here during the 2002-2003 breeding season; of these only 23 were successful in raising young (Baral et al. 2003).

Non-bird biodiversity: Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Hare Lepus nigricollis, Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis have been seen. Other possible wildlife include Leopard Panthera pardus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus non-breeding  2004  uncommon  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis breeding  2002-2003  71 nests  good  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2004  uncommon  A1  Critically Endangered 
Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus non-breeding  2004  uncommon  A1  Critically Endangered 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  2004  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Yellow-breasted Bunting Emberiza aureola winter  2004  unknown  A1  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2011 very high very unfavourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Gyps bengalensis White-rumped Vulture 71 6 nests 9 very unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gosaikunda and Associated Lakes Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,030 protected area contained by site 1,030  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

References Baral and Chaudhary (2003), Baral et al. (2003).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Nawalparasi forests. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife