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Location Azerbaijan, Mingechaur
Central coordinates 47o 3.00' East  40o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description The reservoir was created in 1956-1957, thereby flooding tugai forests in the Kura river basin. Reedbeds have grown up along the western and eastern shores and there is also some Tamarix on islands. The reservoir water is used for various purposes; there are fish-ponds, and hunting takes place in autumn and winter.

Key Biodiversity The site supports a range of breeding waterbirds: herons, Plegadis falcinellus, Porphyrio porphyrio, terns. Egretta alba and Phalacrocorax carbo bred in dead trees standing in the reservoir until 1962. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (rare winter visitor). Up to 7,000-8,000 waterbirds (ducks and Fulica atra) winter, Larus ichthyaetus occurs rarely in the same season; Larus minutus is a rare, non-breeding summer visitor.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus resident  40-50 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
info avialable at AOS 2004


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
water management -
hunting -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Varvara Reservoir. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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