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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 3o 21.00' West  37o 55.00' North
IBA criteria B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 663 ha
Altitude 320 - 361m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A group of three shallow reservoirs with abundant emergent vegetation and reedbeds (Phragmites). An area of riverine forest remains. The surrounds are dominated by arable cultivation and olive-groves.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, particularly breeding Porphyrio porphyrio, and also for non-breeding Milvus migrans. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Oxyura leucocephala (3-5 passage individuals).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus resident  1996  3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans non-breeding  1996  200 individuals  medium  B1iii, C2  Least Concern 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio resident  1996  30-50 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1996  300 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Alto Guadalquivir Natural Landscape 663 protected area contained by site 663  
ALTO GUADALQUIVIR - ES6160002 Birds Directive 769 protected area contained by site 157  
RIO GUADALQUIVIR TRAMO SUPERIOR - ES6160013 Habitats Directive 44 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIO GUADIANA MENOR - TRAMO INFERIOR - ES6160011 Habitats Directive 49 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
TRAMO INFERIOR DEL RIO GUADALIMAR Y ALTO GUADALQUIVIR - ES6160010 Habitats Directive 1,052 protected area overlaps with site 13  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  26%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -
urban/industrial/transport 26%

Protection status National High International None663 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Alto Guadalquivir, 663 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Middle section of river Guadalquivir reservoirs. Downloaded from on 04/05/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife