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Location India
Central coordinates 88o 2.17' East  27o 8.65' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 7,860 ha
Altitude 2,600 - 3,650m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Singhalila National Park (SNP), situated at the northwestern border of Darjeeling district qualifies as an IBA because it harbours many endemic and threatened bird species. Climatically, this IBA is moist temperate, and parts of it lie within temperate to alpine zones. On the northern side, the Park is contiguous with the forests of Sikkim, while to the south, there are reserve forest corridors. If these are restored, the IBA would be connected to Senchal Wildlife Sanctuary near Darjeeling town. On the western side, there is contiguity with the forests in Nepal, though the areas are very small. Forest types include Wet Temperate Forests at altitudes 2,500-2,800 m which are dominated by Quercus sp. Moist Temperate Forests in the 2,850- 3,600 m range which include species such as Quercus pachyphylla, Betula utilis, Castanopsis tribuloides, Tsuga brunniona, Rhododendron sp. and an understorey of ringal bamboo; Subalpine Forests in the 3,000-3,650 m range include species like Abies densa, Betula utilis and Rhododendron sp. (S. Khaling, in litt. 2003). The forests of Singhalila are reported to be floristically very rich. Rhododendron (13 species), Magnolia, orchids, medicinal plants like Aconitum sp., Swertia chirata, Rheum sp., and Taxus baccata, are some of the important plant species found in the Park. Besides, the forests have a variety of mosses, lichens, mushrooms, tree ferns, climbers and other epiphytic plants (S. Khaling, in litt. 2003).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii 2004  present [units unknown]  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey Sibia Heterophasia gracilis 2004  present [units unknown]  A2  Least Concern 
Beautiful Nuthatch Sitta formosa 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra 2004  present [units unknown]  A1, A2  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Singalila National Park 7,860 is identical to site 7,860  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Sarala Khaling.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Singhalila National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/04/2014

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