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Location Spain, Andalucía,Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 2o 40.00' West  38o 0.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 250,000 ha
Altitude 450 - 2,383m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description Mountains with cliffs, extensive Pinus forests, small Quercus woodlands, grasslands and extensive areas of scrub. The main human activities are game hunting, forestry, sheep-grazing, apiculture (`Other' land-use, below) and tourism.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  40 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1996  190-200 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  15-20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1996  50 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1996  15-20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  200 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
CUENCAS DEL RUMBLAR, GUADALEN Y GUADALMENA - ES6160008 Habitats Directive 178,914 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Las Sierras de Cazorla y Segura Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 190,000 protected area contained by site 214,300  
Revolcadores - ES6200016 Habitats Directive 3,490 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIO GUADALIMAR - ES6160014 Habitats Directive 2,065 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIO GUADALQUIVIR TRAMO SUPERIOR - ES6160013 Habitats Directive 44 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIO GUADIANA MENOR - TRAMO SUPERIOR - ES6160015 Habitats Directive 32 protected area overlaps with site 2  
SIERRA DE ALCARAZ Y SEGURA Y CAÑONES DEL SEGURA Y DEL MUNDO - ES0000388 Birds Directive 174,617 protected area overlaps with site 14,970  
SIERRA DE ALCARAZ Y SEGURA Y CAÑONES DEL SEGURA Y DEL MUNDO - ES4210008 Habitats Directive 174,881 protected area overlaps with site 14,767  
Sierra de Castril Nature Park 12,265 protected area overlaps with site 12,000  
SIERRA DE CASTRIL - ES6140002 Birds Directive 12,696 protected area contained by site 12,696  
Sierra de Cazorla, Segura y las Villas Nature Park 214,300 protected area contained by site 214,300  
Sierras de Cazorla y Segura National Game Reserve 76,000 protected area contained by site 76,000  
SIERRAS DE CAZORLA, SEGURA Y LAS VILLAS - ES0000035 Birds Directive 210,122 protected area overlaps with site 177,933  
SIERRAS DEL NORDESTE - ES6140005 Habitats Directive 46,148 protected area overlaps with site 20,513  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  65%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  35%
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 50%
forestry 40%
hunting 50%
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research 80%
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
other -

Protection status National High International Partial76,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierras de Cazorla y Segura, 76,000 ha). 214,300 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y las Villas, 214,300 ha). 12,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Castril, 12,265 ha). 214,300 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y las Villas, 214,300 ha). 214,300 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierras de Cazorla, Segura y las Villas, 214,300 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife