|Central coordinates||78o 41.08' East 29o 37.55' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) is located in the Kotdwar tehsil of Pauri Garhwal district of Uttaranchal. It is named after the Sonanadi (river of gold). Deposits of gold have been reported along this river, hence the name. This Sanctuary spans an area of 30,118 ha of prime forest across the Ramganga river, adjoining the famous Corbett National Park. The Shiwalik-Terai is one of the most threatened ecosystems of the country and receives considerable conservation attention. Sonanadi WLS forms a critical part of the habitat of the northwest population of the Asian Elephant Elephas maximus. There are three major sub-populations in Corbett-Rajaji NP. Sonanadi is significant in that it constitutes a forest corridor between the Corbett and the Rajaji populations to facilitate their movements. Sonanadi WLS, Corbett NP and its buffer areas together comprise the Corbett Tiger Reserve, which holds the second largest population of Tiger Panthera tigris in the world (A. J. T. Johnsingh pers. comm. 2002). The greater part of the Sanctuary is covered with Sal Shorea robusta forests. Anogeissus latifolia can be seen on the slopes, associated with Sal in some places. In earlier days, many parts of the original forest were cleared to raise plantations of Tectona grandis, Ailanthus excelsa and Haplophragma adenophyllum.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sonanadi||Sanctuary||30,118||is identical to site||30,118|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Human habitation|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: IBA team.
Grewal, B. and Sahgal, B. (Eds.) (1995) Birds of Corbett Tiger Reserve and its Environs. Authors, New Delhi. Pp. 24.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014
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