|Central coordinates||78o 41.08' East 29o 37.55' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) is located in the Kotdwar tehsil of Pauri Garhwal district of Uttaranchal. It is named after the Sonanadi (river of gold). Deposits of gold have been reported along this river, hence the name. This Sanctuary spans an area of 30,118 ha of prime forest across the Ramganga river, adjoining the famous Corbett National Park. The Shiwalik-Terai is one of the most threatened ecosystems of the country and receives considerable conservation attention. Sonanadi WLS forms a critical part of the habitat of the northwest population of the Asian Elephant Elephas maximus. There are three major sub-populations in Corbett-Rajaji NP. Sonanadi is significant in that it constitutes a forest corridor between the Corbett and the Rajaji populations to facilitate their movements. Sonanadi WLS, Corbett NP and its buffer areas together comprise the Corbett Tiger Reserve, which holds the second largest population of Tiger Panthera tigris in the world (A. J. T. Johnsingh pers. comm. 2002). The greater part of the Sanctuary is covered with Sal Shorea robusta forests. Anogeissus latifolia can be seen on the slopes, associated with Sal in some places. In earlier days, many parts of the original forest were cleared to raise plantations of Tectona grandis, Ailanthus excelsa and Haplophragma adenophyllum.
AVIFAUNA: Although no work has been carried out on the bird communities of Sonanadi WLS, its bird life is assumed to be rich as it adjoins Corbett where about 560 bird species have been reported (Grewal and Sahgal 1995). However, Sonanadi does not have as great a habitat diversity as Corbett. As there is no available checklist for Sonanadi WLS, it is classified here as Data Deficient. Two critically endangered species of vultures are found here but they are widespread, especially the Oriental White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis. Very few IBAs have been selected on the basis of only these two species of vultures.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Sonanadi has almost all the larger mammals that are found in Corbett and Rajaji National Parks, such as the Asian Elephant Elephas maximus, Tiger Panthera tigris, Leopard P. pardus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Cheetal Axis axis, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak, Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa and Sloth bear Melursus ursinus. Golden Jackal Canis aureus and Striped Hyena Hyaena hyaena are the smaller carnivores. No data are available on reptiles and amphibians.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sonanadi||Sanctuary||30,118||is identical to site||30,118|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Human habitation|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: IBA team.
Grewal, B. and Sahgal, B. (Eds.) (1995) Birds of Corbett Tiger Reserve and its Environs. Authors, New Delhi. Pp. 24.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/09/2016
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