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Location India, Uttaranchal
Central coordinates 78o 3.88' East  30o 3.38' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 82,000 ha
Altitude 302 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Rajaji National Park is situated in the Shiwalik hills and outer Himalayas of Uttaranchal state in India. Its 82,000 ha are spread over the districts of Dehra Dun, Haridwar and Pauri Garhwal. The tract is mainly hilly, traversed by a number of alternating steep ridges and valleys. The River Ganga bisects the Park. Rajaji NP was set up to protect the habitat of the Asian elephant Elephas maximus and Tiger Panthera tigris. Three wildlife sanctuaries - Rajaji, Chilla and Motichur, and the surrounding reserve forests, were merged to create this Park. The Park area to the west of the River Ganga belongs to the Shiwalik range and has a prominent northwest to southeast ridge running through it (Pandey et al. 1995). The area north of this ridge slopes gently into the Dehra Dun Valley and is covered with dense Sal Shorea robusta forests. Champion and Seth (1968) classified it as Moist Shiwalik Sal Forest. The area south of the ridge has a jagged topography with a number of steep ridges which emerge from the main Shiwalik ridge and have narrow valleys between them, which in monsoon turn into swift rivers. The dry river beds are locally called Rau. The ridges are grassy, with occasional trees. On the south of the main ridge there is Dry Shiwalik Sal Forest, with Anogeissus latifolia on the slopes, associated with Sal in some places. Some areas of the Park are under plantations of Tectona grandis, Ailanthus excelsa, and Haplophragma adenophyllum. The Park has one of the finest examples of the bhabar forest zone in India i.e. the belt between the Himalaya and the terai.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer winter  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Brooks's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus subviridis 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Tytler's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus tytleri winter  2004  present  A2  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Rajaji National Park 82,000 is identical to site 82,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Cultivation
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human habitation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: A. J. T. Johnsingh and S. P. Goyal.

References 

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. Birdlife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) of Asia: Project Briefing Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of the forest types of India. Government of India, New Delhi. PP Johnsingh, A. J. T. (2001) The story of goral, a mountain goat. Hornbill (October-December): 22-29.

Pandey, S., Joshua, J. Rai, N. D., Mohan, D. Rawat, G. S., Sankar, K., Katti, M. V., Khati D. V. S. and Johnsingh, A., J. T (1995) Birds of Rajaji National Park, India. Forktail 10(1994): 105-113.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife International Series No. 7. BirdLife International, U.K.

Williams, A. C., Johnsingh, A. J. T. and Krausman, P. R. (2001) Elephanthuman conflicts in Rajaji National Park, northwestern India. Wildlife Society Bulletin 29: 1097-1104.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rajaji National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 14/07/2014

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