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Location India, Uttaranchal
Central coordinates 78o 4.28' East  30o 27.87' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 1,082 ha
Altitude 1,800 - 2,200m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description This IBA is located west and south of Mussoorie, a popular hill station of north India. Binog Sanctuary was notified in 1993 and included areas west of Mussoorie up to Bhadraj, the last peak in the Mussoorie range. Initially covering 1,082 ha, the sanctuary was called Mussoorie Sanctuary. Later, a large area was excluded and only the Binog block (338 ha) remained which was renamed as Binog Mountain Quail Sanctuary. Ten years later, the final notification remains to be issued. Jharipani is a sub-tropical area between Mussoorie and Dehra Dun, and a specimen of Himalayan or Mountain Quail Ophrysia superciliosa has been obtained here in the past. The Sanctuary was created to preserve a small patch of oak forest very close to Mussoorie, which is considered as Himalayan Quail habitat. The bird is still classified as Critically Endangered (probably not extinct), as the possibility of its existence in the area cannot be ruled out (BirdLife International 2001). The main forest of the area is Himalayan Moist Temperate (Ban Oak) type. The lower parts are covered with sub-tropical pine forests. Substantial areas have grass and scrub cover. The Sanctuary forms much of the catchment area of Kempty falls, a major tourist attraction of Mussoorie, and its forests play a crucial role in maintaining a good water flow in the lean summer months (Goyal 1999). The State owned area is covered with forests. There are a few large private estates having large tract of forests adjoining the Binog sanctuary and these are equally good bird habitats.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Detailed studies on the bird life of this IBA have not been done. The common birds of temperate Ban Oak forests can be seen. The area is best known for the occurrence of Himalayan Quail in the past (Ali and Ripley 1987, Grimmett et al. 1999, BirdLife International 2001, Shafique and Javed 1999). All attempts to locate it in recent times have been unsuccessful (Rahul Kaul pers. comm. 2003). Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii and Kaleej Lophophorus leucomelanos are found in this area (S. Sathyakumar pers. comm. 2003).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Goral Nemorhaedus goral, Barking Deer Muntiacus muntjak and Leopard Panthera pardus are still found, despite many years of hunting. Serow Nemorhaedus sumatraensis was shot many decades ago, west of Binog (Dang 1968).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Himalayan Quail Ophrysia superciliosa resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Unknown  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mussoorie Sanctuary 1,082 is identical to site 1,082  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Dhananjai Mohan, S. Sathyakumar and Rahul Kaul.


Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Dang, H. (1968) The Goral of Benog: An area - specific study of Nemorhaedus goral. Cheetal 2(1): 47-58.

Goyal, C. P. (1999) Management Plan of Binog Mountain Quail Sanctuary, Mussoorie, Wildlife Preservation Organisation, Forest Department, Uttar Pradesh.

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1999) Pocket Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Shafique, T. and Javed, S. (1999) Mountain Quail Ophrysia superciliosa. A review. Department of Wildlife Sciences, AMU, Aligarh.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Binog Sanctuary - Bhadraj - Jharipani. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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