|Location||India, Uttar Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||84o 20.00' East 25o 45.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Surha Taal Wildlife Sanctuary is a natural rainfed lake, located north of Ballia town near village Rajpur in Ballia district. It has an area of 1,528 ha. Surha Taal is surrounded by agricultural fields. Eichhornia crassipes is the dominant weed, within and along the margins of the lake. An excellent water body serving as host to several migratory and resident bird fauna, this wetland has been listed as a high priority wetland of Level V, that is wetlands with high ecological and socio-economic potential but with poor data availability, in a prioritization of biological conservation sites in Indian wetlands (Samant 2000). Fishing is very common. Local farmers use the lake water for irrigation. Wetland vegetation is used as fodder for the domestic livestock and as domestic fuel.
AVIFAUNA: This Sanctuary is famous for its congregation of waterbirds during winter. Anatidae is the most numerous among all the families recorded, followed by Phalacrocoracidae, Jacanidae, and Ardeidae. According to the Forest Department, the number reaches 50,000 waterfowl during the migratory season (winter). Sarus crane Grus antigone is usually seen breeding in this Sanctuary. A complete checklist of birds is not available.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not much information is available on other fauna. This wetland is supposed to be very important for its fish resources.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2003||very high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Surha Tal||Sanctuary||3,432||is identical to site||3,432|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature Conservation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. S. Gopi Sundar and V. P. Singh.
Samant, J. (2000) Prioritisation of Biological Conservation Sites of Indian Wetlands. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India, (eds. S. Singh, A. R. K. Shastri, R. Mehta and V. Uppal). WWF-India, Pp. 155-167.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Surha Tal Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2015
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