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Location India
Central coordinates 84o 20.00' East  25o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 3,432 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Surha Taal Wildlife Sanctuary is a natural rainfed lake, located north of Ballia town near village Rajpur in Ballia district. It has an area of 1,528 ha. Surha Taal is surrounded by agricultural fields. Eichhornia crassipes is the dominant weed, within and along the margins of the lake. An excellent water body serving as host to several migratory and resident bird fauna, this wetland has been listed as a high priority wetland of Level V, that is wetlands with high ecological and socio-economic potential but with poor data availability, in a prioritization of biological conservation sites in Indian wetlands (Samant 2000). Fishing is very common. Local farmers use the lake water for irrigation. Wetland vegetation is used as fodder for the domestic livestock and as domestic fuel.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Grus antigone 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Surha Tal Sanctuary 3,432 is identical to site 3,432  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. S. Gopi Sundar and V. P. Singh.

References 

Samant, J. (2000) Prioritisation of Biological Conservation Sites of Indian Wetlands. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India, (eds. S. Singh, A. R. K. Shastri, R. Mehta and V. Uppal). WWF-India, Pp. 155-167.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Surha Tal Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

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