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Location Spain, Andalucía,Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 4o 0.00' West  38o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 212,300 ha
Altitude 350 - 1,300m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountainous area in the Sierra Morena. The vegetation comprises Mediterranean scrub, dehesas, Pinus plantations and small areas of cultivation. The main human activities are livestock-farming, game hunting and forestry.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding raptors

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra resident  1992  7-9 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1996  25-35 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1992  10 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1996  8 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1992  20 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Despeñaperros Nature Park 6,000 protected area overlaps with site 1,500  
Sierra de Andujar Nature Park 60,800 protected area overlaps with site 65,000  
Sierra de Cardena y Montoro Nature Park 41,212 protected area contained by site 41,212  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Ruderal land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
forestry -
hunting 26%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International Partial1,500 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Despeñaperros, 6,000 ha). 65,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Andujar, 68,000 ha). 41,212 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Cardeña y Montoro, 41,212 ha). 27,700 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra Morena, 97,528 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife