|Central coordinates||82o 9.42' East 27o 44.30' North|
|Altitude||120 - 202m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary lies in the Tulsipur tehsil of Balrampur district and Bhinga tehsil of Saravasti district along the Indo-Nepal border. The Sanctuary is approximately 120 km long and 6-8 km broad. Forest areas which constitute the Soheldev Wildlife Division were brought under Government control in 1967. Prior to 1952, only Tulsipur reserve forest of Gonda district and Soheldev reserve forest of Bahraich district were under Government control and the remaining forests were under the control of Balrampur Estate. Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary was named after Raja Sohel Dev, the local King. The total area of the Sanctuary is 45,200 ha and buffer zone is 22,000 ha. This site has been selected as an IBA on the basis of A1 (Swamp Francolin) and A3 (Biome restricted species) criteria. Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary falls in the Bhabhar area (lower foothills of the Himalaya). It is Sal Shorea robusta dominated forest, with Acacia catechu, Syzygium cumini, Terminalia tomentosa and grasses of the genera Vetiveria, Themeda, Arundo donax, Imperata and Saccharum. Calamus thickets are found along the river banks. Tectona grandis was planted by the Forest Department but since the Sanctuary was declared, planting has been stopped.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sohelwa||Sanctuary||45,247||is identical to site||45,247|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: V. P. Singh.
Singh, V. P. (2002). Impact of fire on forest in Terai region. Pp. Report submitted to WWF-India.
Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, Z. A. (1997) Prioritization of the Indian Grasslands for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity Priorities for India (eds. Singh, S., Sastry, A. R. K., Mehta, R. and Uppal, V.) WWF-India, New Delhi. Pp. 169-175.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2014
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