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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 82o 9.42' East  27o 44.30' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 45,247 ha
Altitude 120 - 202m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary lies in the Tulsipur tehsil of Balrampur district and Bhinga tehsil of Saravasti district along the Indo-Nepal border. The Sanctuary is approximately 120 km long and 6-8 km broad. Forest areas which constitute the Soheldev Wildlife Division were brought under Government control in 1967. Prior to 1952, only Tulsipur reserve forest of Gonda district and Soheldev reserve forest of Bahraich district were under Government control and the remaining forests were under the control of Balrampur Estate. Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary was named after Raja Sohel Dev, the local King. The total area of the Sanctuary is 45,200 ha and buffer zone is 22,000 ha. This site has been selected as an IBA on the basis of A1 (Swamp Francolin) and A3 (Biome restricted species) criteria. Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary falls in the Bhabhar area (lower foothills of the Himalaya). It is Sal Shorea robusta dominated forest, with Acacia catechu, Syzygium cumini, Terminalia tomentosa and grasses of the genera Vetiveria, Themeda, Arundo donax, Imperata and Saccharum. Calamus thickets are found along the river banks. Tectona grandis was planted by the Forest Department but since the Sanctuary was declared, planting has been stopped.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sohelwa Sanctuary 45,247 is identical to site 45,247  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Artificial - aquatic   -
Grassland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: V. P. Singh.

References 

Singh, V. P. (2002). Impact of fire on forest in Terai region. Pp. Report submitted to WWF-India.

Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, Z. A. (1997) Prioritization of the Indian Grasslands for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity Priorities for India (eds. Singh, S., Sastry, A. R. K., Mehta, R. and Uppal, V.) WWF-India, New Delhi. Pp. 169-175.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Soheldev Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014

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