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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 83o 43.67' East  27o 17.65' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 42,820 ha
Altitude 95 - 103m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Sohagibarwa Wildlife Sanctuary lies in Maharajganj and Deoria districts of Uttar Pradesh. The total area of the Sanctuary is 42,820 ha. This area has been listed as a Priority III grassland (Matholia, Nichlaul) considering the conservation requirements of the typical fauna of the terai region (Rahmani and Islam 2000). The Sanctuary is divided into 7 zones for conservation and management of the wild flora and fauna. These are: core zone (7098.5 ha), administrative zone (29.07 ha), buffer zone (33518 ha), multiple use zone, tourism zone (9362.9 ha), education and awareness zone and research zone. The importance of this Sanctuary is enhanced by the presence of a waterbody called Singhrana Taal, in Chowk Range, which attracts hundreds of waterfowl (Rahmani 1988).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sohagibarwa Sanctuary 42,820 is identical to site 42,820  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani and Zafar-ul Islam.

References 

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife Red Data Book. BirdLife International. Cambridge, U.K.

Rahmani, A. R. (1988) Singhrana Taal. Hornbill (1): 5-7.

Rahmani, A. R., Narayan, G., Rosalind, L. and Sankaran, R. (1990) Status of the Bengal Florican in India. In: Status and Ecology of the Lesser and Bengal Floricans: Final Report. (Anonymous). Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay. Pp 55-78.

Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, Z. A. (2000) Prioritization of the Indian Grasslands for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity Priorities for India (eds. Singh, S., Sastry, A. R. K., Mehta, R. and Uppal, V.) WWF-India, New Delhi. Pp. 169-175.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sohagibarwa Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/08/2014

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