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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 10.00' East  27o 49.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 250 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description In Aligarh district, there are a number of wetlands such as Sheikha jheel, Rati-ka-Nagla, Ash Dump Yard and Aama Khera which are good for waterfowl. However, Sheikha jheel has the greatest potential to be developed as a bird sanctuary. This jheel is located 17 km from Aligarh on the Aligarh-Jalali road near Sheikha and Bhawan-Khera. Jalali village is about 3 km away, while Sheikha village is less than 1 km. The jheel was divided into three parts, when the Lower Ganga Canal was constructed. Sheikha jheel is a typical monsoonal wetland of the Gangetic plains. It gets most of its water from rainfall, but seepage of water from the adjoining canal has made it perennial. Before the canal was constructed, this jheel probably dried up during summer like other similar wetlands. Sheikha jheel is surrounded on three sides by natural vegetation. The submerged vegetation consists of Hydrilla verticillata, Ceratophyllum demersum, Vallisneria spiralis, Potamogeton crispus and Najas. Free-floating vegetation consists of Salvinia and Azolla, and in some places, Eichhornia crassipes. Rootedfloating vegetation includes Nymphoides cristata and Nymphoides indica.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Salim Javed, S. H. A. Yahya and K. S. Gopi Sundar.


Choudhury, B. C., Kaur, J. and Gopi Sundar, K. S. (1999) Sarus Crane Count-1999. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. Pp 23.

Rahmani, A. R. and Sharma, S. N. (1997) Management Plan for Sheekha jheel: Aligarh District. Centre of Wildlife and Ornithology, and Hareetima Environmental Action Group, Aligarh. Pp. 11.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sheikha Jheel. Downloaded from on 24/10/2014

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