|Location||India, Uttar Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||78o 10.00' East 27o 49.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description In Aligarh district, there are a number of wetlands such as Sheikha jheel, Rati-ka-Nagla, Ash Dump Yard and Aama Khera which are good for waterfowl. However, Sheikha jheel has the greatest potential to be developed as a bird sanctuary. This jheel is located 17 km from Aligarh on the Aligarh-Jalali road near Sheikha and Bhawan-Khera. Jalali village is about 3 km away, while Sheikha village is less than 1 km. The jheel was divided into three parts, when the Lower Ganga Canal was constructed. Sheikha jheel is a typical monsoonal wetland of the Gangetic plains. It gets most of its water from rainfall, but seepage of water from the adjoining canal has made it perennial. Before the canal was constructed, this jheel probably dried up during summer like other similar wetlands. Sheikha jheel is surrounded on three sides by natural vegetation. The submerged vegetation consists of Hydrilla verticillata, Ceratophyllum demersum, Vallisneria spiralis, Potamogeton crispus and Najas. Free-floating vegetation consists of Salvinia and Azolla, and in some places, Eichhornia crassipes. Rootedfloating vegetation includes Nymphoides cristata and Nymphoides indica.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Salim Javed, S. H. A. Yahya and K. S. Gopi Sundar.
Choudhury, B. C., Kaur, J. and Gopi Sundar, K. S. (1999) Sarus Crane Count-1999. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. Pp 23.
Rahmani, A. R. and Sharma, S. N. (1997) Management Plan for Sheekha jheel: Aligarh District. Centre of Wildlife and Ornithology, and Hareetima Environmental Action Group, Aligarh. Pp. 11.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sheikha Jheel. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014
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