|Central coordinates||79o 11.00' East 27o 1.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Sauj Lake lies beside the Karhal-Kishni main road, close to the town of Saman, just before the Saman Bird Sanctuary. The lake is a shallow depression in the landscape. A culvert on the road near Sauj village is an ideal high point from which one can view the entire lake. A canal on the northern side of the lake brings in agricultural runoff, and another to the south takes away excess water to the Saman Bird Sanctuary. Agriculture is restricted to two sides of the lake, the third side is bordered by the village, and the fourth is a flooded grassy meadow providing habitat for a range of water birds throughout the year. This lake has been under observation for over a century now, though not on a regular basis. References to it can be found in Sauey et al (1987), and it has been detailed by Scott (1990) as an important wetland area, and also briefly mentioned by Rahmani (1989), giving the number of Blacknecked Storks Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus sighted. The greenbrown colour on the surface of the lake changes when light pink lotuses bloom immediately after the monsoon. The water of the lake is almost completely covered by lotus Nelumbo, and bordered with Saccharum on one side, and with a few scattered clumps of Ipomoea carnea .
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature Conservation|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: K. S. Gopi Sundar.
Rahmani, A. R. (1989) Status of the Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus in the Indian subcontinent. Forktail 5: 99-110.
Sauey, R. T., Das, P. and Prakash, V. (1987) A Recent Survey of the 19th Century Wintering Sites for Siberian Cranes in the Gangetic Basin. In: Proc. 1983 International Crane Workshop (Archibald, G. A. and Pasquier, R. F. eds.). pp 197-204. International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, Wisconsin.
Scott, D. A. (1990) A Directory of Asian Wetlands. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K.PP Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sauj Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/03/2014
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