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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 11.00' East  27o 1.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 400 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Sauj Lake lies beside the Karhal-Kishni main road, close to the town of Saman, just before the Saman Bird Sanctuary. The lake is a shallow depression in the landscape. A culvert on the road near Sauj village is an ideal high point from which one can view the entire lake. A canal on the northern side of the lake brings in agricultural runoff, and another to the south takes away excess water to the Saman Bird Sanctuary. Agriculture is restricted to two sides of the lake, the third side is bordered by the village, and the fourth is a flooded grassy meadow providing habitat for a range of water birds throughout the year. This lake has been under observation for over a century now, though not on a regular basis. References to it can be found in Sauey et al (1987), and it has been detailed by Scott (1990) as an important wetland area, and also briefly mentioned by Rahmani (1989), giving the number of Blacknecked Storks Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus sighted. The greenbrown colour on the surface of the lake changes when light pink lotuses bloom immediately after the monsoon. The water of the lake is almost completely covered by lotus Nelumbo, and bordered with Saccharum on one side, and with a few scattered clumps of Ipomoea carnea .

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: K. S. Gopi Sundar.


Rahmani, A. R. (1989) Status of the Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus in the Indian subcontinent. Forktail 5: 99-110.

Sauey, R. T., Das, P. and Prakash, V. (1987) A Recent Survey of the 19th Century Wintering Sites for Siberian Cranes in the Gangetic Basin. In: Proc. 1983 International Crane Workshop (Archibald, G. A. and Pasquier, R. F. eds.). pp 197-204. International Crane Foundation, Baraboo, Wisconsin.

Scott, D. A. (1990) A Directory of Asian Wetlands. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K.PP Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sauj Lake. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

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