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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 15.28' East  26o 58.32' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 690 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Sarsai Nawar is a natural depression which fills up during the monsoon. A very old Shiva temple adjoins the lake and is visited by thousands of pilgrims each year, particularly during Shivaratri festival in the first week of March. The importance of the lake lies in the fact that it is the roosting area of the largest flock of Sarus Crane Grus antigone in the region, consisting of nearly 400 individuals. The name of the lake is derived from the Sarus (Sarsai from Sarus, and Nawar meaning shallow wetland; Wetland for the Sarus). In addition, a vast number of waders, ducks and geese visit the lake in winter. Three resident species of storks, namely the Painted Mycteria leucocephala, Wooly-necked or White-necked Ciconia episcopus and Black-necked Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus feed in the lake throughout the year. The wetland is unusual in that the principal vegetation is Cyperus rotundus and there is no emergent vegetation. Other vegetation includes several species of grasses and water lilies.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture

Acknowledgements Key contributor: K. S. Gopi Sundar.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sarsai Nawar Lake. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

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