|Location||India, Uttar Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||79o 55.00' East 27o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Sandi was declared as a Bird Sanctuary in 1990, with the sole purpose to restore this important waterfowl habitat. The Sanctuary is located in Bilgram tehsil of Hardoi district. The Sanctuary is formed of both private land and Gram Samaj (revenue) land. It was listed as an IBA on account of the presence of the globally threatened Sarus Crane Grus antigone. As far as we know, no scientific study on the flora of Sandi Wildlife Sanctuary has been conducted. Like all other tropical seasonal wetlands of the Gangetic plains, the aquatic plant life is very rich in submerged, floating and emergent vegetation. Thick stands of Typha on the fringes provide good breeding habitat for resident waterbirds.
AVIFAUNA: This IBA is home to a resident flock of around 200 Sarus Crane (Gopi Sundar pers. comm. 2003). It receives thousands of waterfowl in winter, primarily Brahminy Duck Tadorna ferruginea, Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina, Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller A. clypeata and Cotton Teal or Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus. Other resident water birds include Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus, Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus, Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala and Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus. Except for the records by amateur birdwatchers and Forest officials, no long-term study has been done here. This Sanctuary has been designated as an IBA on the basis of the presence of up to 200 Sarus in summer, globally threatened species (BirdLife International 2001. As very large numbers of waterfowl are seen, the site would also qualify A4i criteria (presence of =1% biogeographic population).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: This wetland is entirely surrounded by man-modified habitat (agriculture), so most wild large mammals have already disappeared. Except for Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, which is a crop pest, there is no large ungulate in the area.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A4i||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||problematic native species/diseases - named species||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Wetlands (inland)||0||0||good (> 90%)||good (> 90%)||favourable|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species||Very little or no conservation action taking place||medium|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sandi||Sanctuary||309||is identical to site||309|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. P. Singh and K. S. Gopi Sundar.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sandi Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/10/2016
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