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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 55.00' East  27o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 309 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Sandi was declared as a Bird Sanctuary in 1990, with the sole purpose to restore this important waterfowl habitat. The Sanctuary is located in Bilgram tehsil of Hardoi district. The Sanctuary is formed of both private land and Gram Samaj (revenue) land. It was listed as an IBA on account of the presence of the globally threatened Sarus Crane Grus antigone. As far as we know, no scientific study on the flora of Sandi Wildlife Sanctuary has been conducted. Like all other tropical seasonal wetlands of the Gangetic plains, the aquatic plant life is very rich in submerged, floating and emergent vegetation. Thick stands of Typha on the fringes provide good breeding habitat for resident waterbirds.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: This IBA is home to a resident flock of around 200 Sarus Crane (Gopi Sundar pers. comm. 2003). It receives thousands of waterfowl in winter, primarily Brahminy Duck Tadorna ferruginea, Red-crested Pochard Rhodonessa rufina, Northern Pintail Anas acuta, Northern Shoveller A. clypeata and Cotton Teal or Pygmy-goose Nettapus coromandelianus. Other resident water birds include Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus, Pheasant-tailed Jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus, Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala and Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus. Except for the records by amateur birdwatchers and Forest officials, no long-term study has been done here. This Sanctuary has been designated as an IBA on the basis of the presence of up to 200 Sarus in summer, globally threatened species (BirdLife International 2001. As very large numbers of waterfowl are seen, the site would also qualify A4i criteria (presence of =1% biogeographic population).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: This wetland is entirely surrounded by man-modified habitat (agriculture), so most wild large mammals have already disappeared. Except for Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, which is a crop pest, there is no large ungulate in the area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2014 high favourable medium
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Very little or no conservation action taking place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sandi Sanctuary 309 is identical to site 309  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research

Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. P. Singh and K. S. Gopi Sundar.


BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sandi Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 29/10/2016

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