|Central coordinates||81o 25.00' East 26o 0.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Samaspur Wildlife Sanctuary, with an area of about 800 ha of perennial wetland, is located in the Salon tehsil of Rae Bareily district. Salon wetland was renamed as Samaspur Bird Sanctuary in 1987. The lake is ‘S’ shaped, and comprises six small connected lakes namely Samaspur, Mamani, Mamani Gram Samaj, Gorwa Hasanpur, Hakganj and Rohania lakes. The seventh lake, Bissaiya is close by but not connected with the main waterbody. It also forms a part of the Sanctuary. Samaspur wetlands are perennial and receive water from rain (average 850 mm per annum) and from the terminal end of irrigation canals (Rahmani 1992). As they are depressions, water from surrounding areas is drained into these jheels. Of the 800 ha declared as Samarspur Bird Sanctuary, only about 207 ha is under water, the remaining area is dryland where the Forest Department has done some plantations. It also includes 271 ha of private land which has crop fields and orchards. These crops fields, orchards, wastelands (locally called usar) and pastures, along with jheels, create a mosaic of habitats that results in high bird species diversity. In one day of birdwatching in December 1987, 112 species were identified (Rahmani 1992).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Samaspur||Sanctuary||799||is identical to site||799|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Agricultural practices|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Asad R. Rahmani.
Rahmani, A. R. (1992) The Wetlands of Uttar Pradesh – Part III. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 32 (1): 3-5.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Samaspur Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014
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