|Location||India, Uttar Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||79o 0.00' East 27o 5.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Saman Bird Sanctuary is located near village Saman in Karhal tehsil of Mainpuri district. It was declared as a bird sanctuary in 1990 by a gazette notification. The sanctuary is a natural rainfed oxbow lake of approximately 525 ha, that dries up in summer. The wetland attracts large numbers of migratory birds in winter, while resident bird fauna are seen all the year round. The site is important for large wintering waterfowl congregations. There are eight villages inside the Sanctuary and several along the periphery. Nelumbo is found on the entire waterbody, along with a highly diverse group of hydrophytic vegetation which includes Cyperus, Phragmites and Typha. There has been no study of the flora in this Sanctuary. About 100 years ago, Saman jheel, along with Lakh-Bahosi (an IBA) in nearby Farrukhabad district, and other jheels formed an important habitat for the Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus. The great ornithologist A. O. Hume saw Siberian Cranes in many jheels in Etawah and Mainpuri districts between 1858 and 1867. Saman could have been one of the important sites, although Hume did not mention it by name. The name ‘Tuman’ jheels (26°46’ N and 79°02’ E) is referred by Wilkinshaw, where W. E. Brooks shot three Siberian Cranes in February 1871. It appears that Tuman is none other than Saman jheel (Rahmani and Arora, 1992).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Northern Pintail Anas acuta||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Teal Anas crecca||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Saman||Sanctuary||525||is identical to site||525|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Forest Department|
|Notes: Private lands and Village Panchayat|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani and K. S. Gopi Sunder.
Rahmani, A. R. and Arora, V. M. (1992) Wetlands of Uttar Pradesh – Part 2. Newsletter for Birdwatchers, 32 (5&6): 5-6.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Saman Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/08/2014
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