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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 81o 54.00' East  27o 31.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 2,950 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Pyagpur Jheel (2,800 ha) is a shallow, freshwater lake with associated marshes on the plains between the Rapti and Ghagra rivers. It is an excellent permanent jheel of 1-3 m depth, and supports very important fishery. It has a tropical monsoon climate typical of the Gangetic Plains. It is state owned, and the surrounding area is privately owned agricultural land. Sitadwar (150 ha) is a similar shallow freshwater lake with associated marshes, situated some 20 km away on the plains between the Rapti and Ghagra rivers. It is a site of religious pilgrimage and festivals. Sitadwar Jheel is somewhat shallow, prone to drying out in summer. It is state owned, while the surrounding area is privately owned agricultural land (Islam 2001). Sitadwar has the usual complement of aquatic vegetation, some floating and emergent plants such as Ipomea carnea. Pyagpur jheel bears similar submerged, floating and emergent plants of a typical jheel of the Gangetic plains. It also suffers from infestation of Water Hyacinth Eichhcornia crassipes and Ipomea carnea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fisheries

Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. P.Singh, K. S. Gopi Sunder and Asad R. Rahmani.


Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D.(1987) Compact Edition of the Handbook of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

Islam, M. Z. (2001) IBA Survey report of Uttar Pradesh. Unpublished.Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Scott, D. (ed.) (1989) A directory of Asian wetlands. Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pyagpur and Sitadwar Jheel. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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