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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 45.00' East  27o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 109 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Patna Bird Sanctuary (WLS) is about 6 km from Jalesar town in Etah district on the Jalesar-Sikandrarao road.An area of 108 ha was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1991 under the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 (Rahmani and Daniel 1997). It is a typical rainfed wetland of the Gangetic plains, being a natural, freshwater, shallow depression. The shallow parts of the Sanctuary dry up during summer, leaving some puddles in the deeper zones. Patna WLS is a classic example of how, within a few years of protection, a long-neglected wetland can become one of the finest wetland habitats of the country. Date palm Phoenix silvestris in the central part of the Sanctuary is one of the most conspicuous features of this IBA. Aquatic vegetation consists of Hydrilla verticillata, Ceratophyllum demersum, Vallisneria spiralis, Potamogeton crispus, and Najas sp., while surface vegetation consists of Salvinia, Azolla, and Eichhornia crassipes. On the fringes of the wetlands, Ipomea carnea grows in excess and needs control. Ipomea aquatica is also spreading, but it may not be as dangerous as I. carnea. While Nymphoides cristata and N. indica occur naturally, Singhara Trapa natans is cultivated in a small part of the wetland.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Pintail Anas acuta 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Gadwall Mareca strepera 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Garganey Spatula querquedula 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Patna Sanctuary 109 is identical to site 109  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Salim Javed, Sangeeta and Ashfaq Ahmed.


Ahmad, A. and Javed. S. (2000) An ornithological and physicochemical study of Patna Bird Sanctuary, Etah, Uttar Pradesh.Department of Wildlife Sciences, Aligarh Musilim University, Aligarh.

Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D.(1987) Compact Edition of the Handbook of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.

Rahmani, A. R. and Daniel, J. C. (1997) Management Plan Patna Bird Sanctuary, Jalesar, District Etah, Uttar Pradesh.Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Patna Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 16/09/2014

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