|Location||India, Uttar Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||78o 45.00' East 27o 35.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Patna Bird Sanctuary (WLS) is about 6 km from Jalesar town in Etah district on the Jalesar-Sikandrarao road.An area of 108 ha was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1991 under the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 (Rahmani and Daniel 1997). It is a typical rainfed wetland of the Gangetic plains, being a natural, freshwater, shallow depression. The shallow parts of the Sanctuary dry up during summer, leaving some puddles in the deeper zones. Patna WLS is a classic example of how, within a few years of protection, a long-neglected wetland can become one of the finest wetland habitats of the country. Date palm Phoenix silvestris in the central part of the Sanctuary is one of the most conspicuous features of this IBA. Aquatic vegetation consists of Hydrilla verticillata, Ceratophyllum demersum, Vallisneria spiralis, Potamogeton crispus, and Najas sp., while surface vegetation consists of Salvinia, Azolla, and Eichhornia crassipes. On the fringes of the wetlands, Ipomea carnea grows in excess and needs control. Ipomea aquatica is also spreading, but it may not be as dangerous as I. carnea. While Nymphoides cristata and N. indica occur naturally, Singhara Trapa natans is cultivated in a small part of the wetland.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Northern Pintail Anas acuta||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Gadwall Mareca strepera||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Garganey Spatula querquedula||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Patna||Sanctuary||109||is identical to site||109|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Salim Javed, Sangeeta and Ashfaq Ahmed.
Ahmad, A. and Javed. S. (2000) An ornithological and physicochemical study of Patna Bird Sanctuary, Etah, Uttar Pradesh.Department of Wildlife Sciences, Aligarh Musilim University, Aligarh.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D.(1987) Compact Edition of the Handbook of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
Rahmani, A. R. and Daniel, J. C. (1997) Management Plan Patna Bird Sanctuary, Jalesar, District Etah, Uttar Pradesh.Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates – Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Patna Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/09/2014
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