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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 82o 20.00' East  27o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 1,084 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Parvati and Aranga are two connected waterbodies comprising an area of 1,084 ha.They are rainfed lakes in a deep natural depression in the Gangetic plains of the terai region. The Parvati Aranga Sanctuary was established in 1997. However, core and buffer zones have not yet been demarcated. Although no village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Sanctuary, agricultural fields have reached the edge of the wetland. According to the Forest Department, many agricultural fields have encroached on forest land. For proper management, settlement of rights and demarcation of the true boundaries of the Sanctuary are required. It is also essential to involve local people in the management of the wetland, so that both people and birds benefit. The Sanctuary lacks an interpretation centre and there are no publicity pamphlets on this important wetland. No visitor record is kept. The staff is not trained in bird watching.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Parvati Aranga Sanctuary is well known for large numbers of waterbirds during winter. When the rainfall is good and waterspread is normal, more than 20,000 waterbirds congregate in this IBA site. The population of Sarus crane Grus antigone is more than 200. Choudhury et al. (1999) have counted 112 Sarus, including 31 juveniles. They consider Parvati Aranga as an important site for Sarus conservation in India. Congregatory birds in the sanctuary include many species of ducks and waders. There has been no recent survey except for one trip by the IBA Officer in November 2001, when there were not many birds (Islam, 2001). However, Forest officials informed that more than 20,000 waterbirds come in winter. Therefore, this wetland has been declared as an IBA.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not available.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2003 medium not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Parvati Aranga Sanctuary 1,084 is identical to site 1,084  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. P. Singh and K. S. Gopi Sunder.


Choudhury, B. C., Kaur, J. and Gopi Sunder, K. S. (1999) Sarus Crane Count – 1999. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. Pp 23.

Islam, M. Z. (2001) IBAs of Uttar Pradesh. Survey report. Bombay Natural History Society.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Parvati Aranga Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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