email a friend
printable version
Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 42.58' East  26o 42.58' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 63,500 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Chambal WildLife Sanctuary lies in the three states, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, stretching from Kota in Rajasthan to the confluence of Chambal river with the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh, extending 600 km and encompassing a total area of 63,500 ha (Scott 1989). The Chambal is a perennial river originating in the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh. Within the Sanctuary, the river flows through areas of deeply eroded alluvium, rapids over rock beds, sand banks and gravel bars along with steep banks and bends. Numerous temporary watercourses provide a variety of habitats (Scott 1989). In Uttar Pradesh, the Sanctuary lies in Agra and Etawah districts, with an area of 63500 ha. Out of this, 23500 ha is forest land and the rest belongs to Gram Samaj (village council), Revenue and private land holders. The Chambal Sanctuary was mainly created to provide protection to the endangered Gharial Gavialis gangeticus and the Gangetic Dolphin Platanista gangetica. The Chambal River forms the core of the sanctuary, and the sandy beach and forested areas along the banks to a distance of one km form the buffer zone. In Uttar Pradesh, it covers 180 km stretch of Chambal river.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
National Chambal Sanctuary 63,500 protected area contains site 63,500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
forestry -
Notes: Reserve Forest
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. S. Gopi Sunder, Asad R. Rahmani, R. K Sharma and R. G. Rao.


Scott, D. A. (1989) A Directory of Asian Wetlands, WWF, IUCN, ICBP and IWEP, Gland, Switzerland.

Samant, J. S. (2000) Prioritisation of Biological Conservation sites in Indian Wetlands. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India. (eds. Singh et al. WWF-India, New Delhi, India. Pp.155-167.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary (Agra/Etawah) (part of National Chambal River Gharial Sanctuary AZE). Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife