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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 33.00' East  28o 12.68' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 12,700 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Narora, on the River Ganga, between Karnabas and Ramghat, includes the total catchment area of Narora Barrage or the Lower Ganga Barrage, and the marshes and wetlands situated along the river banks. The site also includes the areas adjoining the Ganga 1000 to 2000 m from each bank. The total area of this IBA site is c. 12,700 ha. This site is named after a small town of the same name. The total catchment area of Narora barrage is 3251 ha, and its total length is 922 m. The main purpose of the barrage is to supply water to Narora Atomic Power Station for cooling and to Lower Ganga Canal and Parallel Lower Ganga Canal for irrigation. The reservoir attracts thousands of waterbirds, and there are many lakes and jheels in its vincinity, where resident waterfowl are found. During winter and summer, when the water level is low, a large number of islands appear in the reservoir and all along the Ganga. These islands and sand bars provide safe resting places for ducks, geese, cranes and other birds. Terns, lapwings and Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breed on these islands during summer (Rahmani 1981).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch) Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 26,590 protected area contains site 12,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Farming
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Sandeep Kumar Behera, Raja Mandal and Jitender Pandey.


Rahmani, A. R. (1981) Narora reservoir, U.P. – A potential Bird Sanctuary. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 78 (1): 88-92.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Narora. Downloaded from on 25/10/2014

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