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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 30.00' East  27o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 8,024 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Lakh Bahosi Wildlife Sanctuary is about 38 km from the historic city of Kannauj. The Sanctuary is formed of two oxbow jheels near the village Bahosi. Both the jheels, Lakh and Bahosi, are located near the Lower Ganga Canal, so the overflow and seepage of water accumulates in the jheels, resulting in about 600 ha of shallow wetlands perfectly suitable for waterbirds. By winter, the waterspread is reduced by evaporation and drainage. Nonetheless, at least 400 ha in the deeper parts still retain enough water to attract at least 50,000 waterfowl (Rahmani and Arora 1992). Apart from these two jheels, there are numerous wetlands beside the canal in an area of about 8,000 ha. To protect them, the Uttar Pradesh government declared a sanctuary of 8,023 ha, including forest land, village land, agricultural fields, and revenue lands. A major part of the Sanctuary (5,300 ha) is private land. The area has been identified as an Important Bird Area due to the presence of globally threatened species such as the Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga, Sarus Crane Grus antigone, and congregations of about 50,000 waterbirds.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: More than 240 species of birds are reported from the Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary (Chaturvedi 1990-1999). Besides, there are records of Sarus crane, of which the number is not estimated. Besides the large congregations of waterfowl, some easily exceeding their 1% biogeographic threshold, this IBA also has three globally threatened and seven Near Threatened species. However, species-wise census data are not available. A pair of Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus is regularly seen in Bahosi, and probably breeds in the area. More than 400 Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus were seen a decade ago (Rahmani and Arora, 1992). Their number is reported to have gone up, thanks to good protection.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Lakh Bahosi was established for the protection of waterfowl. There are not many mammals of conservation interest. Among the large mammals, only Bluebul Boselaphus tragocamelus is found in abundance and is an important crop pest. Jungle Cat Felis chaus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, and Black-naped Hare Lepus nigricollis and other mammals have also been recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary 8,024 is identical to site 8,024  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: R. N. Chaturvedi.


Chaturvedi, R. N.(1990-1999) A Checklist of Birds seen in a Decade (from 1990 to 1999) at Lakh-Bahosi Bird Sanctuary. Pp. 6. Unpublished.

Rahmani, A. R. and Arora, V. M. (1992) Wetlands of Uttar Pradesh – Part 2. Newsletter for Birdwatchers, 32 (5 & 6): 5-6.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lakh-Bahosi Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 25/04/2015

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