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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 48.00' East  28o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 1,160 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Lagga-Bagga is located on the Indo-Nepal border, adjoining the famous Sukla Phanta Wildlife Sanctuary of Nepal on the northeast side. To the south and southeast, Sharda river flows in a loop around it. The forest and grasslands of Lagga-Bagga form a continuous stretch with Sukla Phanta, except for a small trench demarcating the international border. Sukla Phanta has a good population of Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis (Inskipp and Inskipp 1985). It also holds very good populations of Swamp Deer Cervus duvauceli, Hog Deer Axis porcinus, Spotted Deer Axis axis and Tiger Panthera tigris. There is regular movement of large mammals between Lagga-Bagga and Sukla-Phanta (Rahmani et al. 1987, Rahmani 1989). Rahmani and Islam (2000) analysed Indian grasslands and prioritized them on the basis of biological, socio-economic, cultural and social values, administrative importance, geographical and habitat representations. The grasslands of Lagga-Bagga were given Priority No. II. Priority No. I grasslands belong to Dudhwa, Katerniaghat and Kishanpur (all IBAs). Like in Dudwa, the grassland of Lagga-Bagga is dominated by Saccharum, Themeda and Apluda mutica.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Being a sort of corridor between Sukla Phanta and North Pilibhit forests, Lagga-Bagga, although it is only 11 sq km, is extremely important. It has three main grasslands or Chanders which harbour Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis. Between 1985 and 1991, three surveys were conducted to search the Bengal Florican (Rahmani et al. 1987,) but none could be located. However, in April 2002, Prakash Rao (pers. comm. 2002) saw an adult male, thus proving a long-held view that Lagga-Bagga is a potential habitat for this endangered species. More regular and detailed surveys are required to find out whether the florican permanently occupies this site.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Important large mammals include Swamp Deer Cervus duvauceli, Hog Deer Axis percinus, Spotted Deer or Cheetal Axis axis and Tiger Panthera tigris. Pellets similar to those of Hispid Hare Caprolagus hispidus were seen during 1991 (A. R. Rahmani, unpublished).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium near favourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Laggabaggha Protected Corridor Other Area 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Asad R. Rahmani.


Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1985) A survey of Bengal Florican in Nepal and India, 1982. Bustard Studies 3: 141-160.

Rahmani, A. R. (1989) Lagga Bagga. Hornbill 3: 3-7.

Rahmani, A. R., Narayan, G., Sankaran, R. and Rosalind, L. (1987) The Bengal Florican: Status and Ecology.Annual Report III. (1986-87). Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay.

Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, M. Z. (2000) Prioritization of the Indian grassland for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India, (eds. S. Singh, A. R. K. Sashtri, R. Mehta and V. Uppal). WWF-India, Pp. 168-176.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lagga - Bagga Reserve Forest. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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