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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 6.00' East  27o 1.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 200 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Kurra Jheel is near Hajipura village in Kurra post, Mainpuri district. There are several small, medium and large wetlands, interspersed with agricultural fields, providing ideal Sarus Crane Grus antigone habitat. At least 400 Sarus with 17-25 breeding pairs are found in the summer (April-May). Sarsai Nawar, Kudaiyya wetland, Amberpur marshlands and the Saman Katra area are under threat of being drained for agriculture under a development plan of the Agriculture Ministry (K. S. Gopi Sunder pers. comm. 2003).

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: The wetland attracts large numbers of migratory birds in winter, besides the resident bird fauna. The site is particularly important for its large Sarus Crane population (K. S. Gopi Sunder pers. comm. 2003). The site is also known for large congregations of water birds in winter, numbering more than 20,000. Besides Sarus Cranes, other threatened birds recorded from this site are the Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius and Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga. Yellow Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus may be present, but needs to be confirmed.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The site has been selected on the basis of a large number of waterfowl and congregation of Sarus cranes, however, it is not particularly important for other terrestrial fauna.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius winter  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Yellow Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2003 very high not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fisheries
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: K. S. Gopi Sunder.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kurra Jheel. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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