|Location||India, Uttar Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||79o 6.00' East 27o 1.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Kurra Jheel is near Hajipura village in Kurra post, Mainpuri district. There are several small, medium and large wetlands, interspersed with agricultural fields, providing ideal Sarus Crane Grus antigone habitat. At least 400 Sarus with 17-25 breeding pairs are found in the summer (April-May). Sarsai Nawar, Kudaiyya wetland, Amberpur marshlands and the Saman Katra area are under threat of being drained for agriculture under a development plan of the Agriculture Ministry (K. S. Gopi Sunder pers. comm. 2003).
AVIFAUNA: The wetland attracts large numbers of migratory birds in winter, besides the resident bird fauna. The site is particularly important for its large Sarus Crane population (K. S. Gopi Sunder pers. comm. 2003). The site is also known for large congregations of water birds in winter, numbering more than 20,000. Besides Sarus Cranes, other threatened birds recorded from this site are the Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius and Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga. Yellow Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus may be present, but needs to be confirmed.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The site has been selected on the basis of a large number of waterfowl and congregation of Sarus cranes, however, it is not particularly important for other terrestrial fauna.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Yellow Weaver Ploceus megarhynchus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2003||very high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: K. S. Gopi Sunder.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kurra Jheel. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/04/2016
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