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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 80o 21.87' East  28o 23.78' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 22,700 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) was declared on 1 January 1973, and in 1988 it came under Project Tiger. The Sanctuary has four ranges - Bhira, Kishanpur, Mailanai and Pawayari. Along with Dudhwa and Katerniaghat (both IBAs), Kishanpur has one of the most important terai grasslands left in northern India. Before the Tiger Panthera tigris was declared a protected species, Kishanpur had some of the most coveted tiger shooting blocks in India. As the forest was managed for timber logging, plantation and shooting, Kishanpur has a good road network. Most of the grasslands have been planted over by the Forest Department with Shorea robusta, Tectona grandis, Syzygium cumini, Madhuca indica, Bombax ceiba, Acacia catechu and Eucalyptus. However, some low-lying grasslands (e.g. Jhadi taal) are still left, which are extremely important for the highly endangered Swamp Deer Cervus duvauceli and Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis. The open grasslands are called locally Chander or phanta. Most of them are present in the depressions representing the dry beds of old rivers (probably the Sharda). The orientation of these grasslands is the same as the slopes of the tract i.e., northwest to southeast and to the south. Based on cultural and social values, administrative importance, geographical and habitat representations, Rahmani and Islam (2000) have prioritised the grasslands of Kishanpur as Priority No. I.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: More than 250 species of birds are found in Kishanpur WLS (Rahmani unpubl. 2002), including the highly Endangered Bengal Florican (Rahmani 1996, 2001). Jhadi taal is an important site for wintering waterfowl, including the Vulnerable Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus and Sarus crane Grus antigone and the Near Threatened Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus. On every visit in the 1990s, a pair with 2-3 juveniles was seen in Jhadi taal (A. R. Rahmani, unpublished). It attracts up to 5,000 waterfowl, including flocks of 300-500 Lesser Whistling Duck Dendrocygna javanicus, Greylag goose Anser anser, and assorted ducks. During monsoon, the whole Jhadi taal in under water, but the water recedes by October. From March onwards, two territorial male Bengal Floricans are seen. Two or three males are sometimes seen in Burgad Chowki grasslands (Rahmani, 1996, 2001). There could be more Bengal Floricans in this IBA. A more detailed survey of all the grasslands is required.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Perhaps the largest single population of Swamp Deer in Uttar Pradesh is found in Jhadi taal. They total about 400 individuals.

Smaller scattered groups are also found in other grasslands but their number would not exceed 50-60. Other species found are Hog Deer Axis porcinus, Cheetal Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor and Wild Boar Sus scrofa. No information is available on the reptiles, amphibians and fish.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium favourable high
  unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kishanpur Ws Sanctuary 22,700 is identical to site 22,700  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Salim Javed and V. P. Singh.

References 

Rahmani, A. R. (1996) Present status of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Dudwa Tiger Reserve. Centre of Wildlife and Ornithology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.

Rahmani, A. R. (2001) Status of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Uttar Pradesh, India. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Rahmani, A. R. (unpublished) Birds of Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary.

Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, M. Z. (2000) Prioritization of the Indian grasslands for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India, (eds. S. Singh, A. R. K. Sashtri, R. Mehta and V. Uppal). WWF-India, Pp. 168-176.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife