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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 80o 21.87' East  28o 23.78' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 22,700 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS) was declared on 1 January 1973, and in 1988 it came under Project Tiger. The Sanctuary has four ranges - Bhira, Kishanpur, Mailanai and Pawayari. Along with Dudhwa and Katerniaghat (both IBAs), Kishanpur has one of the most important terai grasslands left in northern India. Before the Tiger Panthera tigris was declared a protected species, Kishanpur had some of the most coveted tiger shooting blocks in India. As the forest was managed for timber logging, plantation and shooting, Kishanpur has a good road network. Most of the grasslands have been planted over by the Forest Department with Shorea robusta, Tectona grandis, Syzygium cumini, Madhuca indica, Bombax ceiba, Acacia catechu and Eucalyptus. However, some low-lying grasslands (e.g. Jhadi taal) are still left, which are extremely important for the highly endangered Swamp Deer Cervus duvauceli and Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis. The open grasslands are called locally Chander or phanta. Most of them are present in the depressions representing the dry beds of old rivers (probably the Sharda). The orientation of these grasslands is the same as the slopes of the tract i.e., northwest to southeast and to the south. Based on cultural and social values, administrative importance, geographical and habitat representations, Rahmani and Islam (2000) have prioritised the grasslands of Kishanpur as Priority No. I.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kishanpur Ws Sanctuary 22,700 is identical to site 22,700  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani, Salim Javed and V. P. Singh.


Rahmani, A. R. (1996) Present status of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Dudwa Tiger Reserve. Centre of Wildlife and Ornithology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh.

Rahmani, A. R. (2001) Status of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Uttar Pradesh, India. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Rahmani, A. R. (unpublished) Birds of Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary.

Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, M. Z. (2000) Prioritization of the Indian grasslands for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India, (eds. S. Singh, A. R. K. Sashtri, R. Mehta and V. Uppal). WWF-India, Pp. 168-176.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 21/10/2014

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