|Central coordinates||80o 42.13' East 28o 29.45' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||150 - 184m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description With the aim of protecting the relict population of Swamp deer Cervus duvauceli duvauceli, 212 sq. km of Lakhimpur-Kheri forests was declared as Dudhwa Sanctuary. In 1977, the area was declared as a National Park with a core zone of 490 sq. km and a buffer zone of 124 sq. km In 1987, the Park was brought under ‘Project Tiger’ with the addition of 201 sq. km of Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary. In the early half of 2000, Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary (400 sq. km) was included in Dudhwa National Park. Dudhwa and Kishanpur are not contiguous, and the river Sharda forms a natural barrier. The buffer zone in Dudhwa National Park (DNP) is located to the north of the core zone and still includes Tharu tribal villages. Most of the requirements of the Tharus are met by the buffer zone. About 30,000 people continue to live in an area approximately 5 sq. km i and around the Park. They are partly dependent on forest for thatching, fodder and fuel wood, and create an important management issue. The Suheli barrage adjoining Bilrayan range of the Park holds a good population of migratory waterbirds in winter. This is partly owned by the Forest Department and partly by the Irrigation Department. Dudhwa NP falls under Terai-Bhabar biogeographic subdivision of the Upper Gangetic Plains (7A) according to the biogeographic classification of Rodgers and Panwar (1988).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||unknown||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Dudhwa||National Park||49,000||is identical to site||49,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani and Salim Javed.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. (unpublished).
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Javed, S. and Rahmani, A. R. (1998) Conservation of the avifauna of Dudhwa National Park, India. Forktail 14: 55-64.
Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H. S. (1988) Planning a protected area network in India. Volume I – the report. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.
Rahmani, A. R. (1996) Management priorities for steppe birds in India. In: Conservacion de las Aves Esteparias y su Habitat (eds. J. F. Gutierrez and J. Sanz-Zuasti). Junta de Castilla y Leon, Valladolid. Pp 59-68.
Rahmani, A. R. (2001) Status of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Uttar Pradesh, India. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. 12 pp.
Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, M. Z. (2000) Prioritization of the Indian grassland for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India, (eds. S. Singh, A. R. K. Sashtri, R. Mehta and V. Uppal). WWF-India, Pp. 168-176.
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