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Location India
Central coordinates 80o 42.13' East  28o 29.45' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 49,000 ha
Altitude 150 - 184m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description With the aim of protecting the relict population of Swamp deer Cervus duvauceli duvauceli, 212 sq. km of Lakhimpur-Kheri forests was declared as Dudhwa Sanctuary. In 1977, the area was declared as a National Park with a core zone of 490 sq. km and a buffer zone of 124 sq. km In 1987, the Park was brought under ‘Project Tiger’ with the addition of 201 sq. km of Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary. In the early half of 2000, Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary (400 sq. km) was included in Dudhwa National Park. Dudhwa and Kishanpur are not contiguous, and the river Sharda forms a natural barrier. The buffer zone in Dudhwa National Park (DNP) is located to the north of the core zone and still includes Tharu tribal villages. Most of the requirements of the Tharus are met by the buffer zone. About 30,000 people continue to live in an area approximately 5 sq. km i and around the Park. They are partly dependent on forest for thatching, fodder and fuel wood, and create an important management issue. The Suheli barrage adjoining Bilrayan range of the Park holds a good population of migratory waterbirds in winter. This is partly owned by the Forest Department and partly by the Irrigation Department. Dudhwa NP falls under Terai-Bhabar biogeographic subdivision of the Upper Gangetic Plains (7A) according to the biogeographic classification of Rodgers and Panwar (1988).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis 2004  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris unknown  2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Pallas's Fish-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis 2004  present [units unknown]  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 
Sarus Crane Grus antigone 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Grey-crowned Prinia Prinia cinereocapilla 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dudhwa National Park 49,000 is identical to site 49,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani and Salim Javed.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBA) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. (unpublished).

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Javed, S. and Rahmani, A. R. (1998) Conservation of the avifauna of Dudhwa National Park, India. Forktail 14: 55-64.

Rodgers, W. A. and Panwar, H. S. (1988) Planning a protected area network in India. Volume I – the report. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun.

Rahmani, A. R. (1996) Management priorities for steppe birds in India. In: Conservacion de las Aves Esteparias y su Habitat (eds. J. F. Gutierrez and J. Sanz-Zuasti). Junta de Castilla y Leon, Valladolid. Pp 59-68.

Rahmani, A. R. (2001) Status of the Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensis in Uttar Pradesh, India. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. 12 pp.

Rahmani, A. R. and Islam, M. Z. (2000) Prioritization of the Indian grassland for Conservation of Biodiversity. In: Setting Biodiversity conservation priorities for India, (eds. S. Singh, A. R. K. Sashtri, R. Mehta and V. Uppal). WWF-India, Pp. 168-176.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Dudhwa National Park. Downloaded from on 16/04/2014

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