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Location India, Uttar Pradesh
Central coordinates 83o 0.00' East  26o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 2,894 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Bakhira Bird Sanctuary came into existence in 1990. This sanctuary is situated in Sant Kabir Nagar district, recently carved out of district Basti. It consists of Bakhira Tal extending over Gram Samaj land, agricultural land and reserve forest land. The total area of the Sanctuary is 2894 ha, of which 1819 ha is Gram Samaj land, 1059 ha is agricultural land and 15 ha is Reserve Forest area. The Gram Samaj land forms the core zone of the Sanctuary, which contains the main water body. It is one of the important wetlands of eastern Uttar Pradesh and provides wintering and staging grounds for a large number of migratory birds and a breeding ground for resident birds, such as Purple Moorhen or Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bakhira Sanctuary 2,894 is identical to site 2,894  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Sarat Chandra Tripathy, V. P. Singh and K. S. Gopi Sundar.


Tripathy, S. C. (2002) Bakhira Bird Sanctuary: The Heaven of Purple Moorhen. Wildlife Institute of India Newsletter Vol. 9.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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