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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 5o 14.00' West  37o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 119,715 ha
Altitude 190 - 722m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A range of hills with Mediterranean scrub, dehesas and a few olive-groves. The main human activities are livestock-grazing and game hunting.

Key Biodiversity Breeding birds include seven of the 20 species in Europe that are restricted to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1996  2-4 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1996  125 breeding pairs  medium  B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1996  55 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  8-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1996  6-7 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1997  3-4 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Red-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus ruficollis breeding  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor resident  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1996  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1996  frequent  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sierra de Hornachuelos Nature Park 67,202 protected area contained by site 67,202  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland  70%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  30%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Ruderal land  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
hunting 90%
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -

Protection status National Partial International Partial67,202 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Hornachuelos, 67,202 ha). 67,202 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de Hornachuelos, 67,202 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sierra Morena de Córdoba. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife