|Location||India, Tamil Nadu|
|Central coordinates||78o 9.23' East 9o 55.28' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Madurai tank, as the name indicates, is located on the outskirts of Madurai city, north of the river Vaigai. The tank is fed by monsoon rains and also by the Periyar-Vaigai irrigation system, located about 2 km from the tank. This irrigation system is on the two rivers, Periyar in Kerala and the seasonal Vaigai. The water is diverted to Madurai tank through channels. The tank contains water till February/March, after which it dries out. Prosopis chilensis and Ipomea mainly dominate the vegetation of the tank, which is infested with Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Water management|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. Kannan, S. Badrinarayanan, S. Balachandran and J. C. Daniel.
Sathasivam, K. (1997) Notes from Madurai. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 37:86.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Vandivoorand Kunnathur Tanks (Madurai). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2014
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