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Location India, Tamil Nadu
Central coordinates 78o 9.23' East  9o 55.28' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 278 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Madurai tank, as the name indicates, is located on the outskirts of Madurai city, north of the river Vaigai. The tank is fed by monsoon rains and also by the Periyar-Vaigai irrigation system, located about 2 km from the tank. This irrigation system is on the two rivers, Periyar in Kerala and the seasonal Vaigai. The water is diverted to Madurai tank through channels. The tank contains water till February/March, after which it dries out. Prosopis chilensis and Ipomea mainly dominate the vegetation of the tank, which is infested with Water Hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. Kannan, S. Badrinarayanan, S. Balachandran and J. C. Daniel.


Sathasivam, K. (1997) Notes from Madurai. Newsletter for Birdwatchers. 37:86.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Vandivoorand Kunnathur Tanks (Madurai). Downloaded from on 21/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife