|Location||India, Tamil Nadu|
|Central coordinates||76o 34.00' East 11o 19.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Naduvattam is a forest range under the jurisdiction of the South Division of Nilgiris. It comprises of two areas, namely Mudimunth (1,346 ha) and Naduvattam beats (2,192 ha). It has several pockets of Shola and exotic plantation. This site is located between Mudumalai and Ooty.
AVIFAUNA: Not much study has been done, but Loven Pereira (pers. comm. 2003) has seen more than 40 species, including some Western Ghats endemics. The site lies in the Western Ghats (Endemic Bird Area 123), where Stattersfield et al. (1998) have listed 16 restricted range species. Eight of them are found in this IBA. All the five restricted range species associated with Wet Temperate sholas and Subtropical Broadleaf Hill Forest (Stattersfield et al. 1998) are found, which proves that some shola habitat is still available, despite extensive plantation of exotics in the past. The Vulnerable Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra is also recorded from this IBA. Naduvattam is located in Biome-10 (Indian Peninsula Tropical Moist Forests: BirdLife International, undated). Fifteen species represent this biome. Only two species, White-cheeked Barbet Pomatorhinus horsfieldii and Indian Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus horsfieldii, have been located till now, but more are likely to be found once detailed studies are conducted.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not much information is available.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Garrulax cachinnans||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Not Recognised|
|Brachypteryx major||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Not Recognised|
|Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra||winter||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis||resident||2004||present||-||A2||Vulnerable|
|2003||low||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Nilgiri||UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve||552,000||protected area contains site||3,538|
|Nilgiri Tahr||National Park||7,800||unknown||0|
|Western Ghats||World Heritage Site||0||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Forestry; Plantation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Loven Pereira and Ashfaq Ahmed Zarri.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Unpublished.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Naduvattam. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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