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Location India, Tamil Nadu
Central coordinates 76o 34.00' East  11o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 3,538 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Naduvattam is a forest range under the jurisdiction of the South Division of Nilgiris. It comprises of two areas, namely Mudimunth (1,346 ha) and Naduvattam beats (2,192 ha). It has several pockets of Shola and exotic plantation. This site is located between Mudumalai and Ooty.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Not much study has been done, but Loven Pereira (pers. comm. 2003) has seen more than 40 species, including some Western Ghats endemics. The site lies in the Western Ghats (Endemic Bird Area 123), where Stattersfield et al. (1998) have listed 16 restricted range species. Eight of them are found in this IBA. All the five restricted range species associated with Wet Temperate sholas and Subtropical Broadleaf Hill Forest (Stattersfield et al. 1998) are found, which proves that some shola habitat is still available, despite extensive plantation of exotics in the past. The Vulnerable Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra is also recorded from this IBA. Naduvattam is located in Biome-10 (Indian Peninsula Tropical Moist Forests: BirdLife International, undated). Fifteen species represent this biome. Only two species, White-cheeked Barbet Pomatorhinus horsfieldii and Indian Scimitar Babbler Pomatorhinus horsfieldii, have been located till now, but more are likely to be found once detailed studies are conducted.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not much information is available.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Nilgiri Woodpigeon Columba elphinstonii resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Grey-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus priocephalus resident  2004  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Garrulax cachinnans resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Not Recognised 
Brachypteryx major resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Not Recognised 
Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra winter  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Black-and-rufous Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa resident  2004  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus resident  2004  present  A2  Near Threatened 
Crimson-backed Sunbird Nectarinia minima resident  2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Nilgiri Pipit Anthus nilghiriensis resident  2004  present  A2  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2003 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agriculture and aquaculture wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nilgiri Bird Reserve 552,000 unknown 0  
Nilgiri UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 552,000 protected area contains site 3,538  
Nilgiri Tahr National Park 7,800 unknown 0  
Western Ghats World Heritage Site 0 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry; Plantation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Loven Pereira and Ashfaq Ahmed Zarri.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Unpublished.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Naduvattam. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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