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Location India, Tamil Nadu
Central coordinates 78o 29.00' East  9o 19.80' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 152 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Chitrangudi (48 ha) and Kanjirankulam (104 ha) Bird Sanctuaries are situated in the Ramanathapuram district of Tamil Nadu, in the villages of the same names. The Sanctuaries are c. 5 km from Mudukulathur and c. 25 km from Paramakudi, in a drought prone area. The floral diversity is very poor and the area seems to be scrub jungle type. The area has been planted with Prosopis chilensis and Acacia nilotica in the villages and around the tanks; the two species were introduced and planted by the Forest Department on a massive scale to sustain firewood collection. Tamarind Tamarindus indicus is the only common tree, seen sporadically on the roads and the tank bunds. Due to the nature of the soil and scanty rainfall, the natural vegetation is sparse.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chitrangudi Sanctuary 48 protected area contained by site 48  
Kanjirankulam Sanctuary 104 protected area contained by site 104  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
rangeland/pastureland -
Notes: Grazing
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributor: V. Kannan.


Abraham, S. (1973) The Kanjirankulam breeding bird sanctuasry in the Ramnad District of Tamil Nadu. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 70: 549-552.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Johnson, J. M., Perennou, C. and A. Crivelli (1993) Towards the extinction of the Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis), 92-94. In: Wetland and Waterfowl Conservation in south and west Asia (Eds. M. Moser and J. Van Versem). IWRB Spec. Publ. No. 25: AWB Publ. No. 85.

Wetland International (2002) Waterbird Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, the Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chitragudi and Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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