|Central coordinates||88o 23.58' East 27o 18.83' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||2,100 - 3,300m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary is located on the Maenam-Tendong ridge which runs north-south bisecting Sikkim longitudinally and is drained by the Tista river to the East and Rangit river in the West. The altitudinal gradient of 2,100 m - 3,300 m provides for a range of microclimates and floral diversity from subtropical forests to stabilized scree slopes. These diverse forest types in turn shelter a wide range of faunal elements. The Sanctuary has tremendous watershed value, being the only source of perennial water on this ridge. The South District headquarters, Namchi, situated 30 km due south totally depends on the water piped from the Burmelly stream originating from within the Sanctuary precincts. The adjoining town of Ravangla also depends on the Sanctuary for potable water. “Maenam-la” translates to the “Treasury of Medicines”, being a rich trove of medicinal plants. There is also a historical Buddhist monastery, the Maenam Gompa, at the top of the ridge. Interestingly, despite the disturbance from nearby urban areas, Maenam harbours a rich bird diversity (Anon. 2001). The entire stretch of forest along Temi-Tarku-Damthang-Tendong- Bhanjyang- Ravangla-Maenam and further north linking with Karjee-Labdang forests of the Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve is virtually contiguous, planted in a few places with the exotic Cryptomeria japonica trees. Tea plantations of the State Government occupy a part of Temi.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Blyth's Tragopan Tragopan blythii||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Blackish-breasted Babbler Sphenocichla humei||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Rufous-throated Wren-babbler Spelaeornis caudatus||resident||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri||-||2004||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Beautiful Nuthatch Sitta formosa||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Maenam||Sanctuary||3,534||is identical to site||3,534|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Watershed management|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Usha Lachungpa and Sandeep Tambe.
Ahmed, A. and Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. (1996) Report on Biodiversity Survey of Maenam WLS. Unpublished report to Oriental Bird Club, U.K.
Anonymous (2001) Management Plan of Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary (unpublished). State Forest Department, Government of Sikkim, Deorali, Gangtok.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Ganguli-Lachungpa, U. and Lucksom S. Z. (1998) Sighting of Hodgson’s Frogmouth Batrachostomus hodgsoni hodgsoni (G.R. Gray) from Sikkim. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 95 (3): 506.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary - Tendong Reserve Forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014
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