|Central coordinates||88o 32.02' East 27o 18.68' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||1,375 - 2,650m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary is located in East Sikkim on a mountain range opposite Gangtok, the capital of Sikkim.The highest point of the Sanctuary is the Tinjurey Peak (2,750 m), which is connected by mountainous ridges to Fambong Lho Peak and Ragorathai Peak. The Sanctuary is girdled with a number of growing villages. The word ‘Fambong Lho’ seems to have come from the Lepcha word Hambomloh for the local avocado trees Machilus edulis and M. odoratissima. The Himalayan Zoological Park above Gangtok is adjacent to the Sanctuary, separated by the Rani Khola (river). Both the Fambong Lho and the Gangtok ranges form part of the catchment of the Rani Khola (Anon. 2002) and are contiguous with the Ratey Chu Reserve Forest. The main vegetation of this IBA includes Oak Quercus lamellosa and ‘Katus’ Castanopsis hystrix. Rhododendron arboreum interspersed with Lyonia ovalifolia are seen gregariously on high hills and saddles. The IBA is also home to a large number of wild orchids, mosses, ferns and Lycopodium spp. (Anon. 2002).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Chestnut-breasted Partridge Arborophila mandellii||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Beautiful Nuthatch Sitta formosa||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Rusty-bellied Shortwing Brachypteryx hyperythra||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2, A3||Near Threatened|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Fambong Lho||Sanctuary||5,176||protected area contained by site||5,176|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Watershed management|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Usha Lachungpa.
Anonymous (2002) An Introduction to the Fauna of Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary East Sikkim. Unpublished Report of the Department of Forests, Environment and Wildlife, Government of Sikkim, Sikkim, India.
Ali, S. (1962) Birds of Sikkim. Oxford University Press, Madras.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary - Himalayan Zoological Park - Ratey Chu Reserve Forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014
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