|Central coordinates||73o 52.00' East 24o 28.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Baghdarrah Nature Park is situated 15 km east of Udaipur on the Udaipur-Jhamar Kotra Road, amidst the ancient Aravalli Hills. As the name indicates, the area used to have Tigers Panthera tigris. Records reveal that the forest included in the Protected Area used to be the shikargah of the erstwhile rulers of Mewar. Baghdarrah Lake, a waterbody spreading over 30 ha, provides an ideal habitat for aquatic flora and fauna. A number of migratory waterfowl could be seen in the lake during winter. The site provides an excellent natural home for crocodiles Crocodylus palustris, which were seen freely floating on the pond water. The surrounding vegetation of this closed area represents the dry deciduous forest type. The tall trees of the forest patch provide nesting for the vultures. The important tree species of the forest includes Sterculia urens, Butea monosperma, Terminalia spp., Ficus spp., Acacia spp., Cassia fistula and Boswellia serrata. Major aquatic flora include Polygonum glabrum, Typha angustata and Trapa natans.
AVIFAUNA: More than 130 bird species are reported from this IBA site (Sharma 2002). The site qualifies as biome 11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone). Sarus Crane has been observed frequently, possibly coming from other lakes of Udaipur (Satish K. Sharma pers. comm. 2003).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Other important fauna includes Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Porcupine Hystrix indica, Black-naped Hare Lepus nigricollis, Common Mongoose Herpestes edwardsi, Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris, Brahminy Skink Mabuya carinata, Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis, John’s Earth Boa Eryx johnii, Rat Snake Ptyas mucosus, Cobra Naja naja and Russell’s Viper Daboia russelii.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1, A3||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|2003||very high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Climate change and severe weather||drought||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Pollution||air-borne pollutants - acid rain||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Pollution||domestic & urban waste water - sewage||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Pollution||garbage & solid waste||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Pollution||industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Agriculture practices|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
|Notes: Human settlements|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Raza H. Tehsin, Satish K. Sharma, Satya P. Mehra, Sarita Sharma.
Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Pp. 1-23. Unpublished Report.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bagdarrah Closed Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/12/2015
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