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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 73o 52.00' East  24o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 342 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description The Baghdarrah Nature Park is situated 15 km east of Udaipur on the Udaipur-Jhamar Kotra Road, amidst the ancient Aravalli Hills. As the name indicates, the area used to have Tigers Panthera tigris. Records reveal that the forest included in the Protected Area used to be the shikargah of the erstwhile rulers of Mewar. Baghdarrah Lake, a waterbody spreading over 30 ha, provides an ideal habitat for aquatic flora and fauna. A number of migratory waterfowl could be seen in the lake during winter. The site provides an excellent natural home for crocodiles Crocodylus palustris, which were seen freely floating on the pond water. The surrounding vegetation of this closed area represents the dry deciduous forest type. The tall trees of the forest patch provide nesting for the vultures. The important tree species of the forest includes Sterculia urens, Butea monosperma, Terminalia spp., Ficus spp., Acacia spp., Cassia fistula and Boswellia serrata. Major aquatic flora include Polygonum glabrum, Typha angustata and Trapa natans.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: More than 130 bird species are reported from this IBA site (Sharma 2002). The site qualifies as biome 11 (Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone). Sarus Crane has been observed frequently, possibly coming from other lakes of Udaipur (Satish K. Sharma pers. comm. 2003).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Other important fauna includes Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Porcupine Hystrix indica, Black-naped Hare Lepus nigricollis, Common Mongoose Herpestes edwardsi, Marsh Crocodile Crocodylus palustris, Brahminy Skink Mabuya carinata, Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis, John’s Earth Boa Eryx johnii, Rat Snake Ptyas mucosus, Cobra Naja naja and Russell’s Viper Daboia russelii.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1, A3  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2003 very high not assessed not assessed
unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution air-borne pollutants - acid rain happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture practices
forestry -
Notes: Forestry
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Human settlements

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Raza H. Tehsin, Satish K. Sharma, Satya P. Mehra, Sarita Sharma.

References 

Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Pp. 1-23. Unpublished Report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bagdarrah Closed Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2015

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