|Central coordinates||74o 46.00' East 26o 18.00' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Sonkhaliya is one of the few sites which provides shelter to the Great Indian Bustard (Rahmani & Manakadan 1983; Rahmani 1987). During the few surveys done in the latter half of 1980s, the population of this bird was estimated to be c. 1,500-2,000 for the whole country, with Rajasthan holding more than half (Rahmani 1986, 1987). Sonkhaliya held a population of more than 80 bustards (Rahmani and Manakadan 1988). It is one of the preferred Bustard areas as it is more or less plain with crop fields and highly degraded scrub forest. The main natural flora of the site consists of species of Prosopis, Acacia, Capparis. Cultivated crops are also present.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Lesser Florican Sypheotides indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhynchus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Asad R. Rahmani and R. S. Rathore.
Bhushan, B. and Rahmani, A. R. (1992) Food and feeding behaviour of the Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 89(1): 27-40.
Rahmani, A. R. (1986) Status of the Great Indian Bustard in Rajasthan. Technical Report No. 11, Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay. Pp 34
Rahmani, A. R. (1987) Protection for the Great Indian Bustard. Oryx 21: 174 - 179.
Rahmani, A. R. (1989) The Great Indian Bustard: Final Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay. Pp 234.
Rahmani, A. R. and Manakadan, R. (1983) Present Status of Great Indian Bustards. Bustard Studies 3: 123-131.
Rahmani, A. R. and Manakadan R. (1988) Bustard Sanctuaries of India: Strategies for their conservation and management. Technical Report No. 13, Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay. Pp. 27.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sonkhaliya Closed Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/03/2014
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