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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 76o 27.82' East  27o 25.77' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 86,600 ha
Altitude 400 - 777m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Sariska Tiger Reserve, situated in the Aravali Hills, is located in the district of Alwar, in the semi-arid western part of Rajasthan. The tract is mainly hilly and undulating and has numerous narrow valleys, two large plateaux Kiraska and Kankwari, and two lakes Manasarovar and Somasagar. Siliserh Lake is situated along the northeastern boundary of the Reserve. The total area of the Reserve is 80,000 ha, of which 30,220 ha is the buffer zone and 49,780 ha is the core area. The Reserve was created in 1978. The ancient Kankwari Fort is situated in the centre of the Reserve. Archaeological treasures, Neelkanth and Garh Rajor dating 9th and 10th centuries respectively, are the ruins of Shiva and Jain temples. According to Champion and Seth (1968), the vegetation of Sariska is classified as Tropical Dry Deciduous and Tropical Thorn Forest. Dhok Anogeissus pendula is the dominant tree species covering 90% of the forest area. Boswellia serreta and Lannea coromandelica grow on rocky patches. Acacia catechu and Bamboo Bambussa arunduceae are common in the valleys; Butea monosperma and Zizyphus sp. are also found.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sariska National Park 27,380 protected area contained by site 27,380  
Sariska Sanctuary 49,200 protected area contained by site 49,200  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Afforestation; Forestry
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research

Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. Shankar and Ghazala Shahabuddin.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Unpublished.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India, Govt. of India Press, Delhi.

Sankar, K., Mohan D., and Pandey, S. (1993) Birds of Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India. Forktail 8: 133-141.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sariska Tiger Reserve. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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