|Central coordinates||76o 27.82' East 27o 25.77' North|
|Altitude||400 - 777m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Sariska Tiger Reserve, situated in the Aravali Hills, is located in the district of Alwar, in the semi-arid western part of Rajasthan. The tract is mainly hilly and undulating and has numerous narrow valleys, two large plateaux Kiraska and Kankwari, and two lakes Manasarovar and Somasagar. Siliserh Lake is situated along the northeastern boundary of the Reserve. The total area of the Reserve is 80,000 ha, of which 30,220 ha is the buffer zone and 49,780 ha is the core area. The Reserve was created in 1978. The ancient Kankwari Fort is situated in the centre of the Reserve. Archaeological treasures, Neelkanth and Garh Rajor dating 9th and 10th centuries respectively, are the ruins of Shiva and Jain temples. According to Champion and Seth (1968), the vegetation of Sariska is classified as Tropical Dry Deciduous and Tropical Thorn Forest. Dhok Anogeissus pendula is the dominant tree species covering 90% of the forest area. Boswellia serreta and Lannea coromandelica grow on rocky patches. Acacia catechu and Bamboo Bambussa arunduceae are common in the valleys; Butea monosperma and Zizyphus sp. are also found.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sariska||National Park||27,380||protected area contained by site||27,380|
|Sariska||Sanctuary||49,200||protected area contained by site||49,200|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Afforestation; Forestry|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. Shankar and Ghazala Shahabuddin.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K. Unpublished.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised survey of forest types of India, Govt. of India Press, Delhi.
Sankar, K., Mohan D., and Pandey, S. (1993) Birds of Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India. Forktail 8: 133-141.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sariska Tiger Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014
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