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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 75o 38.43' East  25o 42.38' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 300 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Sareri Dam was built by the Department of Irrigation in 1957 on Mansi River around 24 km north of Bundi. The water from the reservoir is used for supporting agriculture in the surrounding areas through canals (Kulshreshtha 2000). Eight to ten thousand waterfowl come to this wetland during winter. Many pairs of Sarus Crane Grus antigone use the habitat around the lake for breeding. In February 2002, Manoj Kulshreshtha, State Coordinator of IBCN, during Wetland Surveys of Rajasthan, found 8,000-10,000 waterfowl in the lake. Due to scanty rainfall in 2002, this lake was also reduced to one-fourth of its total capacity. During normal rains when waterspread is more, there could be more than 20,000 waterfowl (M. Kulshreshtha pers. comm. 2002). Lotus is commercially grown in the lake. The surrounding area is under agriculture and bears Acacia and some planted trees.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Sarus Crane was among the 26 species recorded from the lake and its catchment area. The dominant birds were - Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, Coot Fulica atra, Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus and Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus. The lake is important for its congregations of waterfowl. Since the last couple of years, the water level of the lake is reduced, so lesser number of migratory birds are visiting it. People have seen 8-10 pairs of Sarus here (M. Kulshreshtha pers. comm. 2002). The dam also attracts more than 100 Brahminy Ducks, 300 Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo, River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii and Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus in large numbers during winter. With the data available with us, the site does not qualify as an IBA but it has great potential to be developed as an excellent waterfowl refuge if water spread is maintained and poaching is controlled. Secondly, globally threatened Sarus Crane breeds here (3-4 pairs). Therefore, we have included it in the IBA list.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not much is known about the aquatic fauna, but four species of fishes were identified during a short visit: Esomus sp., Heteropneustes fossilis, Puntius sophore, and P. ticto.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Sarus Crane Antigone antigone resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fisheries

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Manoj Kulshreshtha.

References 

Kulshreshtha, M. (2000) Important Wetlands of Rajasthan. Bombay Natural History Society and Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History. Unpublished report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sareri Bandh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2014

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