|Central coordinates||75o 38.43' East 25o 42.38' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Sareri Dam was built by the Department of Irrigation in 1957 on Mansi River around 24 km north of Bundi. The water from the reservoir is used for supporting agriculture in the surrounding areas through canals (Kulshreshtha 2000). Eight to ten thousand waterfowl come to this wetland during winter. Many pairs of Sarus Crane Grus antigone use the habitat around the lake for breeding. In February 2002, Manoj Kulshreshtha, State Coordinator of IBCN, during Wetland Surveys of Rajasthan, found 8,000-10,000 waterfowl in the lake. Due to scanty rainfall in 2002, this lake was also reduced to one-fourth of its total capacity. During normal rains when waterspread is more, there could be more than 20,000 waterfowl (M. Kulshreshtha pers. comm. 2002). Lotus is commercially grown in the lake. The surrounding area is under agriculture and bears Acacia and some planted trees.
AVIFAUNA: Sarus Crane was among the 26 species recorded from the lake and its catchment area. The dominant birds were - Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea, Coot Fulica atra, Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus and Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus. The lake is important for its congregations of waterfowl. Since the last couple of years, the water level of the lake is reduced, so lesser number of migratory birds are visiting it. People have seen 8-10 pairs of Sarus here (M. Kulshreshtha pers. comm. 2002). The dam also attracts more than 100 Brahminy Ducks, 300 Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo, River Lapwing Vanellus duvaucelii and Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus in large numbers during winter. With the data available with us, the site does not qualify as an IBA but it has great potential to be developed as an excellent waterfowl refuge if water spread is maintained and poaching is controlled. Secondly, globally threatened Sarus Crane breeds here (3-4 pairs). Therefore, we have included it in the IBA list.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Not much is known about the aquatic fauna, but four species of fishes were identified during a short visit: Esomus sp., Heteropneustes fossilis, Puntius sophore, and P. ticto.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Sarus Crane Antigone antigone||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||high|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Manoj Kulshreshtha.
Kulshreshtha, M. (2000) Important Wetlands of Rajasthan. Bombay Natural History Society and Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History. Unpublished report.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sareri Bandh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/10/2015
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