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Location India, Rajasthan
Central coordinates 73o 39.25' East  24o 38.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 519 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary is located within the environs of Udaipur City. The Sanctuary lies around the Sajjangarh Fort, built by the erstwhile Maharana Sajjan Singh of Mewar in 1874 on Bansdara Hill, which is 936 m above msl. The Sanctuary lies 5 km from the centre of Udaipur City on its western boundary. Once a dense forest holding a large variety of wild fauna, it lost its forest cover due to biotic pressure. After declaration as a protected area in 1987, it has started to regain its vegetational cover. Thus, it is a unique example of habitat revival and restoration. Apart from improving the watershed of Ahar river, it also improves ground water and supplies clean surface water to the famous Pichola and Fatehsagar Lakes. Sujjangarh was famous for tigers but the last tiger was seen during 1956 (Sharma 1998). Bari Lake, popularly known as Tiger Lake is situated on the western slope of the Sanctuary. The clean water of this deep lake provides ideal habitat for aquatic fauna and flora. The flora of the Sanctuary is a typical representation of the Aravalli vegetation with the dominant species of Anogeissus pendula, A. latifolia and Boswellia serrata. Besides the Sanctuary also represents the scrub forest with the dominant species of Acacia leucophloea and Zizyphus. Commiphora wighitii (Guggul) (threatened plant), Vitex nigundo (Negar) and Barleria spp. (Vajradanti) are the important medicinal plants that are present in the sanctuary.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: The site is important due to the presence of nests of the Longbilled Vulture Gyps indicus on the rocky cliffs. In the scrub forest region of the Sanctuary, Pied Tit Parus nuchalis is found (R. Tehsin pers. comm. 2003; Sharma 2002). More than 130 bird species have been reported from the site (Sharma 1998, 2002). The site lies in Biome-11 and harbours 31 species of Indo-Malayan Tropical Dry Zone. BirdLife International (undated) has listed 59 species, so more than half are found at this site. Thus, this site easily fits the A3 criteria.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: This small Sanctuary bordering urban areas supports mammals such as Leopard Panthera pardus, Jungle Cat Felis chaus, India Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Spotted Deer Axis axis, Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata, Grey Langur Semnopithecus entellus Porcupine Hystrix indica, Hyena Hyaena hyaena, Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis, Golden Jackal Canis aureus and Small Indian Civet Viverricula indica. The reptilian fauna is represented by the Indian Starred Tortoise Geochelone elegans, Monitor Lizard Varanus bengalensis, and many snakes (Sharma 1999).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
White-naped Tit Parus nuchalis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

No known threats no known threats happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Very little or no conservation action taking place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sajjangarh Sanctuary 519 is identical to site 519  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
Notes: Forestry
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
tourism/recreation -
Notes: Tourism and recreation

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Satish K. Sharma, Raza Tehsin, Satya Prakash Mehra and Sarita Sharma.


BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished. Sharma, S. K. (1998) Avian Fauna of Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 38 (2): 25-27.

Sharma, S. K. (1999) Reptilian and Amphibian fauna of Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Udaipur, Rajasthan. Cobra 38: 14-15.

Sharma, S. K. (2002) Preliminary Biodiversity Survey of Protected Areas of Southern Rajasthan. Pp. 1-23. Unpublished Report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sajjangarh Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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